Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

February 14, 2014

John asks…

How does global warming affect wildlife?

admin answers:

These are only a few examples of what global warming can do to wildlife:

How Does Global Warming Affect Wildlife?

The National Wildlife Federation considers global warming to be “the most dangerous threat to the future of wildlife.” Here are just some of the species being dramatically impacted by global warming.

Adelie Penguins-
When many of us think of Antarctica, it is with visions of waddling, tuxedoed penguins. Today, however, these iconic creatures may be in peril as a result of changes to their climate. Rising temperatures are causing the amount of sea ice to diminish, which in turn causes the amount of algae in the water to decrease. Many tiny organisms, including the krill shrimp which forms the foundation of the Adelie penguin’s diet, cannot survive without this important food source.

Almost everyone knows how annoying mosquitoes can be, but if you happen to be a caribou, these common summertime pests can have an even bigger impact. This is because warming Arctic temperatures have caused an explosion in these insects’ populations. As caribou expend more energy shooing the pests away, they decrease the amount of food that they eat and energy that they conserve in preparation for the coming winter months. Female caribou are particularly at risk as the effort of birthing and raising the new generation takes enormous energy.

Monarch Butterflies-
Brilliant orange and black monarchs are among the most easily-recognizable of the butterfly species which call the Americas home. Their migration takes them as far north as Canada and, during the winter months, as far south as Mexico City. It is here that changing conditions could cause their demise if current climatic trends continue into the future. In Mexico, the butterflies amass themselves in fir trees which provide shelter from rain and temperatures which often dip below freezing. As rainfall worldwide continues to increase, the protection that these trees provide may not be enough to shield the butterflies from these hazards. One mass die-off occurred in 2002; scientists fear that this is the first of many similar incidents.

Migratory Songbirds-
The songs of many migratory birds, such as this Western tanager, are welcomed symbols of springtime. Warmer seasons worldwide may mean that you won’t be hearing some of those old familiar songs in years to come, however, as songbirds are particularly sensitive to changes to both temperatures and their habitats.

Polar Bears-
Polar bears, like their favored springtime prey the ringed seal, depend heavily on sea ice for their survival. Polar bears move from ice flow to ice flow in search of the young seals. With rising temperatures, the thinning ice leaves fewer places for both the polar bears to hunt and the seals to raise their young.

Coldwater fish, such as trout, depend on a frigid mixture of spring and glacier water to thrive. As North American temperatures continue to rise, trout stand to lose three-quarters of their current habitat. Before long, an enitre generation of Anglers will have lost the the ability to bond with friends and family while communing with nature.

Coral Reefs-
Coral reefs are colorful underwater forests which teem with life and act as a natural protective barrier for coastal regions. The fishes and plants which call them home belong to some of the most diverse – and fragile – ecosystems on the planet. In one year alone, sixteen percent of the world’s coral reefs were wiped out. A sea temperature change of a mere one degree Celsius would yield similar losses. Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the water cause additional damage to corals, leaving them defenseless against storm damage and erosion.

Arctic Foxes-
The arctic fox is a marvel or environmental adaptation. Its paws are covered with thick fur to protect its feet in winter, and it is an excellent burrower which allows it to dig dens and warm itself against the arctic chill. In recent years, warmer temperatures have driven the arctic fox farther and farther north in search of more suitable, cooler habitat.

Sandra asks…

What are some good books to read for a 10 year old who is in a higher reading level?

I love Mysterys and Fablehaven

admin answers:


Have you read all of the Nancy Drew, Hardy Boys, Trixie Belden, and Boxcar Children Mysteries? Have you read all of the Encyclopedia Brown Mystery Stories?

Edith Nesbit:
The Railway Children
The Story of the Treasure Seekers

Kate DiCamillo:
Because of Winn-Dixie – A young girl discovers that a stray dog she takes in enables her to meet lots of interesting people in the small town she and her father now call home.
The Tale of Desperaux
The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane

N. D. Wilson:
Leepike Ridge – His father is dead and his mother is now dating a teacher he doesn’t like. He didn’t mean to run away from home, but things just happened. He has quite an adventure and discovers along the way some answers to questions he had not even asked.

E. L. Konigsburg:
From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler

Marguerite D’Angeli: The Door in the Wall
Mark Twain:
The Prince and the Pauper
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer – This classic story is based upon the author’s life and the lives of close friends in Hannibal, Missouri. Everyone should know about the cave and the infamous picket fence.

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Some people have attempted to ban this book because it uses a certain word we no longer consider acceptable. Rather than ignoring or re-writing history, perhaps it would be better to explain how attitudes have changed.

Albert Payson Terhune: Lad: A Dog
Anna Sewell:
Black Beauty – This story is told from the perspective of the horse! Caution: It will make you cry, but I highly recommend this book!

Enid Bagnold:
National Velvet – Velvet acquires a spirited horse and sets out to train it for the National Steeple Chase Race. However, her horse needs a jockey and females are not permitted to ride in the National.

Marguerite Henry:
Misty of Chincoteague – This is based upon a true story.
Stormy, Misty’s Foal
Justin Morgan Had a Horse

Wilson Rawls: Where the Red Fern Grows
Jack London:
The Call of the Wild
White Fang
The Sea Wolf

Rudyard Kipling:
Just So Stories
The Jungle Book

Fred Gipson: Old Yeller
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings:
The Yearling – A young boy raises an orphaned fawn, but as the animal matures it becomes more and more of a problem for his family.

George Selden:
The Cricket in Times Square
Chester Cricket’s New Home

P. L. Travers (a.k.a. Pamela Lyndon Travers):
Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins Comes Back
Mary Poppins Opens the Door
Mary Poppins in the Park

James M. Barrie:
Peter Pan
Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson:
Peter and the Starcatchers
Peter and the Shadow Thieves
Peter and the Secret of Rundoon

L. Frank Baum:
The Wonderful Wizard of OZ
Lemony Snicket:
The Bad Beginning
The Reptile Room
The Wide Window
The Miserable Mill
The Austere Academy
The Ersatz Elevator
The Vile Village
The Hostile Hospital
The Carnivorous Carnival
The Slippery Slope
The Grim Grotto
The Penultimate Peril
The End

Tony Di Terlizzi and Holly Black:
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Field Guide
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Seeing Stone
The Spiderwick Chronicles: Lucinda’s Secret
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Ironwood Tree
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Wrath of Mulgarath

Norton Juster: The Phantom Tollbooth
Lewis Carroll:
Alice in Wonderland
Through the Looking Glass

Hugh Lofting:
The Story of Dr. Doolittle
The Voyages of Dr. Doolittle

Pene du Bois: Twenty-One Balloons
Kathryn Lindskoog and Ranelda Mack Hunsicker, eds.:
Faerie Gold: Treasures from the Lands of Enchantment

Roald Dahl:
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
James and the Giant Peach
The BFG (Big Friendly Giant)
The Twits
Esio Trot
George’s Marvelous Medicine
The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me
Fantastic Mr. Fox

Cornelia Funke:
Ingraine the Brave
Dragon Rider
The Thief Lord

Brandon Mull:
Rise of the Evening Star
Grip of the Shadow Plague

Katherine Paterson: Bridge to Terabithia
Carol Kendall:
The Gammage Cup (This was one of my favorites when I was young.)
The Whisper of Glocken

Eoin Colfer:
Artemis Fowl
The Arctic Incident
The Opal Deception
The Lost Colony

Andre Norton:
The Witch World
The Web of the Witch World
Three against the Witch World
Year of the Unicorn
Warlock of the Witch World
Dragon Scale Silver
Dream Smith
The Toads of Grimmerale
Spider Silk
Sword of Unbelief
Sarsthor’s Bane

Ursula K. LeGuin:
A Wizard of Earthsea
The Tombs of Atuan
The Farthest Shore
Tales from Earthsea
The Other Wind

Madeleine L’Engle:
A Wrinkle in Time
A Wind in the Door
A Swiftly Tilting Planet
Many Waters
An Acceptable Time

Howard Pyle:
Story of King Arthur and His Knights – There are several collections of stories about King Arthur.
The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood

Roger Lancelyn Green:
The Adventures of Robin Hood
King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table

John Bunyan:
Dangerous Journey ( A beautifully illustrated edition of A Pilgrim’s Progress)

C. S. Lewis:
The 7 volume Chronicles of Narnia
The Magician’s Nephew
The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe
The Horse and His Boy
Prince Caspian
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader
The Silver Chair
The Last Battle

J. R. R. Tolkien: The Hobbit
Jonathan Swift: Gulliver’s Travels
Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe
Johann Wyss: Swiss Family Robinson

Robert Louis Stevenson:
Treasure Island

Jules Verne:
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Around the World in Eighty Days

Maud Hart Lovelace:
Betsy-Tacy Series – Website has a separate page with this list.

Laura Ingalls Wilder: Did you know that in addition to the books about Laura’s life there are books about her mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, and daughter, Rose? Website below has a separate page which lists all of these.
Little House in the Big Woods
Little House in the Prairie
Farmer Boy – This is the story Laura wrote about her husband, Almanzo’s childhood in Malone, New York.

Johanna Spyri: Heidi
Frances Hodgson Burnett: The Secret Garden
Lucy Maud Montgomery: Anne of Green Gables
Louisa May Alcott: Little Women

Esther Forbes:
Johnny Tremain (From the Days just prior to the American Revolution)

Elizabeth George Speare:
The Witch of Blackbird Pond (From the time of the Salem Witch Trials)

James asks…

The American Economy – a ship at sea with a busted rudder and with a Captain who has no idea how to fix it?

…… and with absolutely no clue about navigation. Thoughts?

admin answers:

More like a Captain that throws the engineers that can fix it overboard and passes out margaritas to the passengers to make them unaware of the peril they are in.

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