Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

February 3, 2014
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Sandy asks…

Five perils faced by Christopher columbus’s expedition?

Writing a paper and need starting ideas :]
“Discuss five perils faced by Christopher Columbus’ expedition and how columbus and his crew overcame them.”
These may be natural perils or perils brought on by the task of leading an expedition of several sips and crewmembers through uncharted waters. Which of these perils continue to threated ships and how have advances in technology changed the way sailors cope with these challenges today?

admin answers:

Problems back then began with the food and water supply.
Scurvy was a disease caused by the lack of vitamin C in stored foods for long sea voyages (no fresh fruit or vegetables). The British solved this problem in the late 1700′s when they started carrying the juice of lemons and limes to prevent scurvy. That is why British sailors have been called “Limeys.”
Fresh water was needed both for drinking and for cooking the salt pork or salt beef they had stored in casks. It was heavily salted for preservation because there was no refrigeration or canning until the 1800′s.
Another peril besides (1) running out of water, (2) running out of food, and (3) vitamin deficiencies was (4) lack of wind. If sailing ships were becalmed they could not move. This was resolved by steam power propulsion after ~1820. Columbus had correctly figured the reliability of the prevailing easterly winds at the latitude he chose to cross the Atlantic, but winds and weather are never sure things at sea.
The 5th peril was the ignorance and superstitions of the crew – combating the fear and anxiety of the unknown. Mutiny was a very real peril for Columbus.
I’m sure you can figure out the modern changes that have made these perils manageable in the modern age – refrigeration, canning, vitamins, advances in medical care, adequate water storage, etc.
Good luck with the paper.

Carol asks…

what is a good name for a romance/action manga book?

Im making a manga book about this girl who makes a wish that she can grant her own wishes. It comes true. She meets other people with the same ability later on but there powers are not as good as hers. It’s has romance, and action. Its a manga book on how her wishes either help her or cause her problems.

admin answers:

Wishing for Another
one always believes the grass is greener on the other side and thus wishes for something else, or another

A Terrifying Concept
Inspiration from James M. Cain’s quote:

I write of the wish that comes true–
for some reason,
a terrifying concept.

Dead Sea Fruit
inspiration from Edward Dahlberg’s quote:

Ambition is a Dead Sea fruit
and the greatest peril to the soul is that
one is likely to get precisely what he is seeking.

Richard asks…

Why didn’t the Nazis win WW2? They had very advanced technology and better trained troops then the Allies?

Just how did it all fall apart.

admin answers:

There are two main reasons.

First, Germany was pitched against all of the British Commonwealth, occupied Europe, Russia and later the USA. It was strategically impossible for one country to take on such a large group of enemies, no matter how advanced or trained they were. Their technology was not so advanced, anyway. The British had the world’s first electronic computer Colossus from 1943 to break codes, later a properly reliable jet engine, from the start operational radar on land and in the air and at sea, and so on. Likewise, after 1941, the USA had huge production facilities; far in excess of anything Germany could ever have put together.

Second, and more important I think, was the personality of Adolf Hitler. After the disaster of WW1, and the failure of the new German democratic republic, he wanted to “get his own back” against all Europe as soon as possible. In Mein Kampf, you can see that he wanted re-unification of Germany to include Prussia, Pomerania, the Sudetenland and parts of Austria. Such a re-unification would have been possible in time, in the same way that the original formation of Germany took nearly 80 years from 1793 to 1871.

Since the 1600′s the German-speaking people of Europe had been viewed as clever, balanced, reasonable, loyal and reliable. That was the case until about 1905 when the new German Empire, in the person of Kaiser Wilhelm II, began to think and act unwisely. He started to make plans to attack other states and expand German colonies round the world by taking over those of other European countries.

When all that fell apart in 1918, and then came the horrendous terms of the Versailles Treaty (so-called), people such as Hitler began to plan their revenge. It was all done in a great hurry; actually before Germany was ready. There were no heavy bombers, the artillery was using horses to draw guns, no radar, quite simple code systems, too many soldiers tied up with Jewish persecution, hardly any senior officers with experience.

If German statesmen and politicians had started again to rebuild their country, most Europeans would have accepted a gradual move towards a larger Reich, on the model of 1871. But it may have taken 50 years with the French, especially, resisting it all the way as they had in the 19th century. But Britain would have helped the process because of long historical, cultural and familial connections.

Hitler’s haste, and his anger, brought about the failure of the third Reich. He is a case study of the perils of leadership based on anger, revenge, hatred and impatience. These Hitler combined with demagogy – appealing to the prejudices, emotions, fears and expectations of the public.

The lessons for the world now revolve around such “leaders” as Kim Jong-il (N. Korea), Hugo Chávez (Venezuela), Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe), Osama bin Laden (Al-Qaeda), Ali Khamenei (Iran) and Than Shwe (Myanmar – was Burma.) They seem to display the same characteristics as Adolf Hitler: anger, revenge, etc. Worth watching.

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