Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language

October 31, 2013
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David asks…

I have hearing aids, can I still be a flight attendant?

I am looking into being a flight attendant once out of Highschool. I have hearing loss, but I wear hearing aids so I hear more than most normal people do. My hearing loss isn’t that severe. Will airlines hire someone with hearing loss? I am planning on taking sign language for the next three years, to be fluent. Will knowing sign language help my chances of getting hired?
Thanks!

admin answers:

Sign language would certainly come in handy if you were working a flight and their was a hearing impaired passenger who was fluent in sign language (not all are), but other than that it wouldn’t be of much use in the day to day job.

Whether or not your hearing loss would affect your eligibility to be hired depends on the policies of the particular airline, and if you could pass the physical requirements.

Since you are not yet graduated from HS, you should know that most airlines require you to be 21, with a solid work history and some customer service experience.

Mark asks…

How are Psychologists able to distinguish the differences between being a Schizoid and Asperger’s Syndrome?

After working with both, I will just share what I’ve acquired and I would like to know if the two disorders are commonly confused?

Similarities:
1. Social problems that include social isolation, major issues with approaching people, difficulties with social boundaries (and rules) and issues with holding a conversation. They have major struggles with forming peer relationships as well.
2. This is unnecessary, but people with both are more prone to Anxiety and Depression.
3. People with either often have the unique flat tones.
4. People with either often appear to be indifferent to others.
5. One unique thing to Asperger’s Syndrome that would generally make it distinguish the differences from other disorder is the inability to read facial expressions and language. People with Schizoid Personality Disorder have the same struggles as well.
6. People with both tend to work independently.
7. Limited speech patterns
8. Limited thought patterns
9. People with either tend to be somewhat indifferent to praise or criticism.
10. People with either hardly express jokes.
11. Attention problems (well, this isn’t exclusive for either disorder)

These are the only ways of distinguishing the symptoms? The symptoms aren’t even required however:
1. The motor coordination deficits in Asperger’s Syndrome kind of make it unique. However, this isn’t even required for a diagnosis.
2. The sensory issues in Asperger’s Syndrome, but these are far from required as well.

How do they distinguish the difference between the two disorders since the symptoms look to be similar? Do they have a way of measuring how the person socializes or something? I certainly don’t see a unique difference.
body language*

admin answers:

I’m not a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. So, what makes me think I might know the answer. Well, I’m 68, which means I’ve been around a long time. Additionally, and without trying to prove it by boring you with chapter and verse, as my condition inclines me to do, I’m highly intelligent, probably autistic (high performing), very well educated and exceedingly versatile.

At age 15, following a very serious head injury, which occurred on premises of the local education authority for the county in which I was born and raised, I was examined by that authority’s principal educational psychologist, who diagnosed that I had Autistic Psychopathy, an IQ of over 200, and a holographic land use, transport, and socio-economic development model of the entire world inside my head, so he even got someone from the Hudson Institute in America to come and confirm it.

I used that model to the great advantage of my birth nation, and its neighbours and commonwealth until my physical and mental health broke down at age 38. I suffered acute retrograde, anterograde, psychogenic, and dissociative amnesias, due to the onset of hypothyroidism, and the diagnosis and remedial treatment were so delayed that it severely impaired my memory recovery. Consequently, I had a very severe nervous breakdown at age 49, for which I needed psychiatric attention, and was diagnosed as “probable autism spectrum disorder, most likely, asperger syndrome” and counselled accordingly, with resounding success, as it enabled me to recover virtually all of memory, including my holographic modelling tool, so the treatment was ended, as it was being paid for by my employer at the time. The process of memory recovery continued, but at age 55, resurrected suicide attempts from my infancy and childhood, and I attempted suicide again, though in a different and much less spectacular and hence noticeable way, which also did not succeed, so I continued living and working as before without anyone except myself knowing that I had tried to kill myself again. About three and a half years ago, I had another nervous breakdown, but the consultant psychiatrist / psychologist my employer commissioned to examine and treat me could find no indication that I was suffering with a mental disorder. I therefore sought a second opinion, which I paid for myself, from an internet-based psychiatrist / psychologist, who diagnosed that I might have schizoid schizoidal personality disorder. Consequently, I sought a further opinion, this time from the National Health Service via my General Family Practitioner, but that turned out to be totally inconclusive – I was told by my GP that the NHS could find nothing wrong with me, but the lady who had examined me had told her that she had not found anything wrong with me, however, the NHS had no-one sufficiently well-qualified to whether I have an autism spectrum disorder or asperger syndrome.

In all cases except for the Head Teachers of the Nursery School and the Primary School, and the Principal Educational Psychologist of the local education authority for the area where I was born and raised, all of whom were fully aware of my family history, and interviewed my parents, the specialist has said that it was not possible at the time of their diagnoses to state categorically what disorder I have, indeed, if I have any disorder at all, without corroborative evidence of my baby-hood, infancy, childhood and teenage memories.

So, I conclude that the only way of telling whether someone has asperger syndrome or schizoid or schizoidal personality disorder depends on corroborative evidence of baby-hood, infancy, childhood and teenage memories.

Michael asks…

What is the difference between subtitle and caption?

It is confusing to me. I thought the function that can show us what the TV says is capition but some say that it is subtitle. In my opinion, subtitle has to be translated in some other languages…Is that right? And the closed capition and just capition are different?

admin answers:

In your example, there isn’t any meaningful difference.
By convention, however, subtitles are the translations that would appear underneath frames in a movie.
Whereas the expression “closed-captioning”(for the hearing-impaired) is used to describe the ongoing translation of a TV broadcast.

To repeat, there’s no meaningful distinction, but by convention, the word subtitle is used in one context and the word captioning is used in the other.

In another context, printed matter for instance, there is a greater distinction.

A subtitle is an alternate, second title for an article or book.
A caption explains a picture or a cartoon. It usually appears below the graphic

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