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Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language

February 6, 2014
By

Betty asks…

TV Talk Shows like Oprah with English Subtitle, Do you have a suggestion for me?

I want to have a TV Talk Show like Oprah with English Subtitle so I can study them as a language. I don’t care what Talk Show, it just has to have English Subtitle with it.

Thanks in any help.

admin answers:

Most TV shows are Closed Captioned for the hearing impaired. Just turn on the CC and enjoy.

Lizzie asks…

What is the musical Footloose about?

thats the play that my friend is in at her school and she invited me and someone else to go see it. what is the play about? im hearing impaired and i dont wanna look like a complete idiot when i dont know what is going on. so can you just give me a brief summary so i know what to expect when i see it?

admin answers:

Footloose is about a city in which dancing is banned because the minister’s son died after dancing getting drunk and attempting to drive. A boy moves into town and makes dancing legal again. It has great music but isn’t exactly a musical

Not suitible for kids under 8 for some language

William asks…

Is it normal for a diagnosis to be changed like this? What should my long term plans be?

I went to another Psychiatrist since the Psychologist said that I went to before called me an idiot and said that incapable of learning to my face which is unacceptable for a Psychologist, and she didn’t realize that I had a Speech disorder either.

1. Severe Speech Disorder-This guy is extremely high functioning and he doesn’t have a verbal day and has an exceptional grasp with the English language, but he can barely speak due to a speech disorder that impairs the speaking through the lungs. He can only speak with simple words, while his vocabulary is far above average for his age.
2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-He can’t focus on anything, is always hyperactive and is always on the go. He also has displayed difficulties with reading comprehension.
3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder-This explains his constant hand washing after he touches something.
4. Dysgraphia-He has an impairment in hand writing.
5. Anxiety Disorder-He never approaches people or tries to make friends and often acts weird out of the fear of being laughed at and judged. He stays quiet and doesn’t communicate since he understand how people get easily annoyed and fears that people are out to get him and hardly trusts anybody.
6. Classic Autism-He no longer qualifies under this category since he was clearly misunderstood.
7. Moderate Intellectual disability-Since the non-verbal intelligence quotient put him in the Dull Normal range (which is still extremely low for me in my opinion), he’s far from being Intellectually disabled.

I pretty much summarized what the Psychologist notes said (with me making it a bit simpler for people to understand) and I seriously think that it’s just ‘perfect’ that it turns out that I have five disorders instead of one. I obviously have issues with making friends, but I do have independent living skills. I was wondering what some good jobs would be for me if I can just barely communicate due to this ‘speech disorder’ that involve me doing things solo that aren’t ‘simple’. I hate working with computers, I dislike people since they are there to laugh at me, to attack me, to stab me in the back all the time, to infuriate me and to try to restrict me from things, I love fame however for some reason. Since I may have too many difficulties that might impair my level of function (despite what the doctor said), I was also wondering if disability payments would be a route to take with an institution (despite the fact that I would love a difficult job that’s a load of fun.

Interests for a job:
1. Competition that involves tournaments with fame and fortune as long as it’s something that I could win at.
2. Stuff that doesn’t involve academics since I’ve never been gifted at them as a person with ADHD.
3. Something that goes at either a slower or faster pace.
4. If it requires me to work in a group, have it so they are respectful and honorable people that won’t backstab me. Also have it so they don’t mess me up or hog everything up.
5. Something that I could come up with my own strategy for.
6. Something that isn’t ‘science’ at all like cooking.
7. Something that may be televised on television.
8. Something that I could become a public icon for.
9. Something athletic would be okay as long as it wouldn’t require me to weigh more than 150 pounds since I’m gradually underweight for a twenty year old
10. Something that would give me the ability to backstab people if they get in my way.

Is there a job for somebody like me? If not, what other possible routes should I follow?
what the Psychiatrist said*

admin answers:

Let me get my book of knowledge out for you.

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Your Questions About If You Choose To Pull The Trigger

February 5, 2014
By

Donald asks…

What does it mean if a gun has “single/double action”, not either, but both?

I have been researching revolvers, and I came across the S&W Governor. It says it is “single/double action”. I imagine this means you can choose single or double, but how exactly does that work? How do you set it to one or the other, or how do you switch?

admin answers:

Single Action (SA) – For single action, the hammer is manually brought to the full c0ck position and pulling the trigger performs single action: Releasing the Hammer . The pull of the trigger is usually fairly light and short, making it easier to shot quickly and accurately.

Double Action (DA) – Pulling the trigger performs two actions: 1. C0cking the Hammer; and 2. Releasing the Hammer. The pull of the trigger is usually heavy and long, providing a bit of a safety feature.

Most modern revolvers are DA/SA, but small stubby hammerless revolvers are Double Action Only (DAO). Cowboy action revolvers are SA.

It is a little more complicated with semi-auto pistols. Early semi-auto designs like the 1911 and Hi-power are SAO and must be carried “c0cked and locked” with a manual safety. Most (but not all) modern semi-autos with external hammers are DA/SA however. Modern semi-autos that use an internal striker (and some stubby hammer designs) can either be Single Action Only, Double Action Only, or have some hybrid design where the striker is partially pre-c0cked and the trigger completes the c0ck before it releases the striker.

Richard asks…

What do you think of this seven-point proposal to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

FIRST: Israel would recognize Palestine as a fully sovereign state fully independent from Israel. Palestine’s borders would be the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. Likewise, Palestine would recognize the right of Israel to exist, and would recognize the area not part of the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, or East Jerusalem as being the borders of Israel.

SECOND: All refugees would be allowed to return home, regardless of whether their homes were located inside Israel or Palestine.

THIRD: Israelis already living inside Palestine would retain their Israeli citizenship for twenty-four months, long enough for them to decide whether to move back to Israel or stay in Palestine. At the end of the two-year period, all Israeli citizens who choose to stay in Palestine would cease to be citizens of Israel and become citizens of Palestine.

FOURTH: The government of Israel and the government of Palestine would agree to treat ethnic and religious minorities inside their respective states as fully equal under the law.

FIFTH: Citizens of one country would be free to move to, own land and other property in, and do business in the other; but the government of neither country would actively try to promote these activities.

SIXTH: The government of Israel would agree to not cut off the Gaza Strip from the rest of Palestine.

SEVENTH: The government of each country would agree not to meddle in the internal or external politics of the other.

admin answers:

All of Jerusalem should remain a neutral entity. The Palestinians and Arabs have no better claim to it than the Israelis or Christians.

The right of return is over. When the Palestinians decided, mostly voluntarily, to leave Israel because of a war caused by the Arab League in the hopes that the Jews would be eradicated, their rights in the land of Israel became null and void. If there are legal claims persisting, then create a court to address those cases on an individual basis.

No problems with the rest, although disarmament of the Palestinians and a repudiation of terrorism and aggression from them and the Arab world should be a requirement for an agreement.

You also failed to address the issue of the Golan Heights. It would be absolutely stupid for Israel to give that area back. It would be like pointing a loaded gun at your head and hoping someone who hates you won’t pull the trigger.

Thomas asks…

Why did the US nuke civilian populations twice in Japan in WW2?

If it was to show capability, why not choose other targets that had the potential of high visibility with lower civilian exposure? And if it was necessary to study effects of nuclear fallout, why not bomb actual military installations with military personnel who were part of the war?

admin answers:

>Why did the US nuke civilian populations twice in Japan in WW2?

The U.S. Did not intent to nuke civilians, we nuked military installations and munitions plants. And it also happened twice because Japan didn’t surrender after the first. After Hiroshima, the Japanese in Tokyo concluded that it was an atomic bomb that destroyed the city but felt that the U.S. Could not have enough fission materials to create a second atomic bomb or more so they chose to continue the war. The U.S. Codebreakers, known as MAGIC, intercepted these messages and decided to drop the second bomb to show Japan we had tons of atomic bombs in our supply lines back home. After the second atomic bomb that destroyed Nagasaki, Japan was scared that more atomic bombs could destroy the Japanese race entirely. So therefore, Hirohito intervened and order the surrender of the Japanese government to the Allies.

Http://books.google.com/books?id=BvEZvTuyUbEC&pg=PA33&dq=In+describing+the+effectiveness+of+the+bomb+in+bringing+about+an+end&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CnaPUc7EC4mRiQLAwoCACQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=In%20describing%20the%20effectiveness%20of%20the%20bomb%20in%20bringing%20about%20an%20end&f=false

>And if it was necessary to study effects of nuclear fallout, why not bomb actual military installations with military personnel who were part of the war?

You don’t realize that they were munitions plants in both cities right? Munitions plants were occupied by civilians, not soldiers. Munitions workers are also part of the war along with military personnel. Without civilians, who were mostly responsible for creating weapons of war, then the military cannot wage war. If I’m a military personnel and I don’t have weapons (made by civilians) needed to fight, how could I go to war unequipped? It was not soldiers that created weapons because they were responsible for pulling the trigger so creation falls under the responsibility of civilians. In war, you use everything in your disposal to destroy the enemy’s ability to wage war, that includes civilians who worked in military plants.

20,000 military personnel in Hiroshima were killed by the atomic blast, 150 for Nagasaki. In Nagasaki, the bomb was dropped on the outskirts on two major Mitsubishi arms plants: “Steel and Arms Works” and “Urakami-Ordnance Works”. All of other factories including those major two arms plants were destroyed, around 70% of the war industries in the city.

Fact is these justifications comes from Article 25 of the 1907 Hague Convention on Land Warfare: “The attack or bombardment, by whatever means, of towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings which are undefended is prohibited.”

http://www.icrc.org/ihl/385ec082b509e76c41256739003e636d/1d1726425f6955aec125641e0038bfd6?OpenDocument

Does it seem like Hiroshima and Nagasaki fall under this provision? No, because both cities were protected with military installations, munitions plants, and by anti-aircraft defenses as well, therefore, making them liable for bombardment.

People overlooked that half of Japan’s war industry was farmed out to individual households (cottage industry). Much of their war production started in civilian homes sprinkled throughout Tokyo, Kobe, Yokohama, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and other Japanese cities. Parts and assemblies bubbled up to the factories where they were put into the war machines to create weapons of war (i.e. Tanks, planes, bombs, etc). With limited aerial tech during WWII, there can be no avoid killing civilians when civilian homes near and in densely-populated areas were used as factories to pump out parts for the enemy’s war effort like Japan did. Placing military installations in and/or use dwellings for military purposes near highly-populated areas is one serious problem which is why the 1977 Geneva Protocol 1 made this illegal. Http://www.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v2_rul_rule23

http://books.google.com/books?id=EBmynsBj2BUC&pg=PA159&dq=cottage+industry+homes+Japan+1945&hl=en&sa=X&ei=S9mSUc-xLaGMiAKnxIDYCA&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=cottage%20industry%20homes%20Japan%201945&f=false

>If it was to show capability, why not choose other targets that had the potential of high visibility with lower civilian exposure?

There was no way to avoid killing civilians (as stated above the second question). Hiroshima and Nagasaki was chosen because of high-value targets, less cultural significance, and modest civilian population. Tokyo could be the number one target for many reasons because it had a population of over 6 million and was the capital city where Hirohito stayed. Kyoto was the same deal due to being the center of high-value cultural and religious landmarks only except it had no valid military installations. They could cause the biggest impact on the Japanese military and civilians. But in terms of military perspectives, Tokyo and Kyoto had little importance than Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

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Your Questions About Carnitine

February 4, 2014
By

Donna asks…

Hey i m going to the seaside and i want to train there really hard tell me some good supplements for training?

I want to use L-carnitine for weight loss,and also thinking for buying amino acids and i want something for endurance and strenght please help

admin answers:

Eat well but only when hungry and not more than thrice a day. Include plenty of uncooked vegetables and fruits in each meal, preferably 50%. To have more satisfaction out of ur food, Chew each morsel at least 32 times. This will also activate ur body to generate signals of hunger/fullness. Obey these signals. Do not go on fast or starvation diet.

Nothing other than water in between.

No special diet, call it by any name or program helps as one cannot adopt them on permanent basis. Diet pills are chemicals and per se bad and shud be avoided unless the doc considers it necessary looking at ur condition.

Take light exercises and brisk walks for 30 min.regularly preferably on empty stomach and twice a day. Do not overdo.

U will achieve what u have not even dreamt and that too in a reasonable time and hassle free. If aiming at weight reduction, it is desirable not to go beyond 1lb/week.

Be patient and not in a hurry.

U cannot choose spots for reduction.

This schedule can be adopted on permanent basis to lead a healthy life and maintain weight.

Sandy asks…

I’m going to start Tennis soon, but I need some advice in muscle building?

I have everything ready to play tennis and will start playing soon.
I was wondering if I truly needed to work out ON TOP of playing Tennis. Im about 5’9 160-ish and have a decent amount of muscle on me. I was considering to start taking a multivitamin, and L-Carnitine…helpful?, and also should I drink NaNo Vapor before tennis to increase muscle size? Help me out!

admin answers:

Did you searched the internet? I mean you can just have free informtion which I think is a good idea, but a hard one though, or you can just buy a book from your local library or an e-book, it is your choice, I prefer reading books though, you can find what you need in the below links … If you willing to pay some money. If not just go with search engines

http://mtad09.ymkpub.hop.clickbank.net/

http://mtad09.toddscott.hop.clickbank.net/

http://mtad09.tennishow.hop.clickbank.net/

http://mtad09.menco.hop.clickbank.net/

http://mtad09.tennis007.hop.clickbank.net/

Enjoy,
Mina

Chris asks…

Can people with heart problems drink fuze?

I’m 14 female and I have SVT (Supraventricular tachycardia). Can I drink fuze drink or will it lead to palpitations? The ingredients are filtered water, fruit juice, malic acid, natural tropical dragonfruit flavor with other natural flavors, veggie juice, garcinia cambogia, rind extrat, ascorbic acid, acesulfame potassium, sucralose, L-carnitine, chromium polynicotinate.

admin answers:

Fuze is very healthy. It’s packed full of vitamins and minerals and certain flavors have L-Carnitine and Super Citrimax which aid in controlling appetite so you don’t over eat and also boost metabolism, and some flavors have electrolytes such as calcium and potassium. And the teas have enough antioxidants to equal two of your daily vegetable servings in one bottle.

There is no evidence to suggest that people with SVT should not drink it. Nevertheless, ask your doctor.

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Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

February 3, 2014
By

Sandy asks…

Five perils faced by Christopher columbus’s expedition?

Writing a paper and need starting ideas :]
“Discuss five perils faced by Christopher Columbus’ expedition and how columbus and his crew overcame them.”
These may be natural perils or perils brought on by the task of leading an expedition of several sips and crewmembers through uncharted waters. Which of these perils continue to threated ships and how have advances in technology changed the way sailors cope with these challenges today?

admin answers:

Problems back then began with the food and water supply.
Scurvy was a disease caused by the lack of vitamin C in stored foods for long sea voyages (no fresh fruit or vegetables). The British solved this problem in the late 1700′s when they started carrying the juice of lemons and limes to prevent scurvy. That is why British sailors have been called “Limeys.”
Fresh water was needed both for drinking and for cooking the salt pork or salt beef they had stored in casks. It was heavily salted for preservation because there was no refrigeration or canning until the 1800′s.
Another peril besides (1) running out of water, (2) running out of food, and (3) vitamin deficiencies was (4) lack of wind. If sailing ships were becalmed they could not move. This was resolved by steam power propulsion after ~1820. Columbus had correctly figured the reliability of the prevailing easterly winds at the latitude he chose to cross the Atlantic, but winds and weather are never sure things at sea.
The 5th peril was the ignorance and superstitions of the crew – combating the fear and anxiety of the unknown. Mutiny was a very real peril for Columbus.
I’m sure you can figure out the modern changes that have made these perils manageable in the modern age – refrigeration, canning, vitamins, advances in medical care, adequate water storage, etc.
Good luck with the paper.

Carol asks…

what is a good name for a romance/action manga book?

Im making a manga book about this girl who makes a wish that she can grant her own wishes. It comes true. She meets other people with the same ability later on but there powers are not as good as hers. It’s has romance, and action. Its a manga book on how her wishes either help her or cause her problems.

admin answers:

Wishing for Another
one always believes the grass is greener on the other side and thus wishes for something else, or another

A Terrifying Concept
Inspiration from James M. Cain’s quote:

I write of the wish that comes true–
for some reason,
a terrifying concept.

Dead Sea Fruit
inspiration from Edward Dahlberg’s quote:

Ambition is a Dead Sea fruit
and the greatest peril to the soul is that
one is likely to get precisely what he is seeking.

Richard asks…

Why didn’t the Nazis win WW2? They had very advanced technology and better trained troops then the Allies?

Just how did it all fall apart.

admin answers:

There are two main reasons.

First, Germany was pitched against all of the British Commonwealth, occupied Europe, Russia and later the USA. It was strategically impossible for one country to take on such a large group of enemies, no matter how advanced or trained they were. Their technology was not so advanced, anyway. The British had the world’s first electronic computer Colossus from 1943 to break codes, later a properly reliable jet engine, from the start operational radar on land and in the air and at sea, and so on. Likewise, after 1941, the USA had huge production facilities; far in excess of anything Germany could ever have put together.

Second, and more important I think, was the personality of Adolf Hitler. After the disaster of WW1, and the failure of the new German democratic republic, he wanted to “get his own back” against all Europe as soon as possible. In Mein Kampf, you can see that he wanted re-unification of Germany to include Prussia, Pomerania, the Sudetenland and parts of Austria. Such a re-unification would have been possible in time, in the same way that the original formation of Germany took nearly 80 years from 1793 to 1871.

Since the 1600′s the German-speaking people of Europe had been viewed as clever, balanced, reasonable, loyal and reliable. That was the case until about 1905 when the new German Empire, in the person of Kaiser Wilhelm II, began to think and act unwisely. He started to make plans to attack other states and expand German colonies round the world by taking over those of other European countries.

When all that fell apart in 1918, and then came the horrendous terms of the Versailles Treaty (so-called), people such as Hitler began to plan their revenge. It was all done in a great hurry; actually before Germany was ready. There were no heavy bombers, the artillery was using horses to draw guns, no radar, quite simple code systems, too many soldiers tied up with Jewish persecution, hardly any senior officers with experience.

If German statesmen and politicians had started again to rebuild their country, most Europeans would have accepted a gradual move towards a larger Reich, on the model of 1871. But it may have taken 50 years with the French, especially, resisting it all the way as they had in the 19th century. But Britain would have helped the process because of long historical, cultural and familial connections.

Hitler’s haste, and his anger, brought about the failure of the third Reich. He is a case study of the perils of leadership based on anger, revenge, hatred and impatience. These Hitler combined with demagogy – appealing to the prejudices, emotions, fears and expectations of the public.

The lessons for the world now revolve around such “leaders” as Kim Jong-il (N. Korea), Hugo Chávez (Venezuela), Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe), Osama bin Laden (Al-Qaeda), Ali Khamenei (Iran) and Than Shwe (Myanmar – was Burma.) They seem to display the same characteristics as Adolf Hitler: anger, revenge, etc. Worth watching.

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Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

February 2, 2014
By

Daniel asks…

Is there a limit to how many dextro energy tablets you can have?

Just wondering if there is. Because I cannot find anything on the packet. Is there a danger if I have a whole pack today?

admin answers:

There is no info on the energy tablet sites, they are 89% dextrose.
Dextrose is more or less an industry term for glucose. Glucose is the most prevalent sugar in the human and the only molecule that the brain can metabolize. It has a very high glycemic index (no surprise since it is glucose) and while it contains no fructose, it is still a simple sugar that is very readily absorbed.

Nearly every cell in your body utilizes glucose, so it’s normally “burned up” immediately after consumption.
Too much sugary stuff can suppress your immune system and impair your defenses against infectious disease, lead to hyperactivity, weight gain, tooth decay etc etc.

So while there is no ‘safe’ limit to worry about use your common sense about how many you eat. If you notice they have an adverse effect on you then you know to stop eating them, like if you feel hyperactive or anxious.
As necessary would seem a good rule to apply.

David asks…

What is the difference between the Multiple Sclerosis and the Friedreich syndrom?

My brother has something that goes between both of them and even doctors couldn’t identify it.he also has a malformation of his feet bones.

admin answers:

Multiple sclerosis:

Abbreviated MS, also known as disseminated sclerosis.
Is a chronic, inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). MS can cause a variety of symptoms, including changes in sensation, visual problems, muscle weakness, depression, difficulties with coordination and speech, severe fatigue, and pain. Although many patients lead full and rewarding lives, MS can cause impaired mobility and disability in the more severe cases.

Multiple sclerosis affects neurons, the cells of the brain and spinal cord that carry information, create thought and perception and allow the brain to control the body. Surrounding and protecting some of these neurons is a fatty layer known as the myelin sheath, which helps neurons carry electrical signals. MS causes gradual destruction of myelin (demyelination) and transection of neuron axons in patches throughout the brain and spinal cord, causing various symptoms depending upon which signals are interrupted. The name multiple sclerosis refers to the multiple scars (or scleroses) on the myelin sheaths. It is thought that MS results from attacks by an individual’s immune system on the nervous system and is therefore categorized as an autoimmune disease.

Multiple sclerosis may take several different forms, with new symptoms occurring in discrete attacks or slowly accruing over time. Between attacks, symptoms may resolve completely, but permanent neurologic problems often persist. Although much is known about how MS causes damage, its exact cause remains unknown. MS currently does not have a cure, though several treatments are available which may slow the appearance of new symptoms. MS primarily affects adults, with an age of onset typically between 20 and 40 years, and is more common in women than in men.

Friedreich Ataxia:

Friedreich’s ataxia is an inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system resulting in symptoms ranging from gait disturbance and speech problems to heart disease. It is named after the German physician Nicholaus Friedreich, who first described the condition in the 1860s. “Ataxia,” which refers to coordination problems such as clumsy or awkward movements and unsteadiness, occurs in many different diseases and conditions. The ataxia of Friedreich’s ataxia results from the degeneration of nerve tissue in the spinal cord and of nerves that control muscle movement in the arms and legs. The spinal cord becomes thinner and nerve cells lose some of their myelin sheath the insular covering on all nerve cells that helps conduct nerve impulses.

Friedreich’s ataxia, although rare, is the most prevalent inherited ataxia, affecting about 1 in every 50,000 people in the United States. Males and females are affected equally.

Friedreich’s ataxia is an autosomal recessive congenital ataxia and is caused by a mutation in Gene X25 that codes for frataxin, located on chromosome 9. This protein is essential in neuronal and muscle cells for proper functioning mitochondria and the mutation causes inadequate production of frataxin. This results in, among other things, a degeneration of nerve tissue in the spinal cord.

Delatycki et al. (2000) provided an overview of the clinical features, pathology, molecular genetics, and possible therapeutic options in Friedreich ataxia.

Friedreich’s ataxia and muscular dystrophy, though often compared, are completely different diseases. Muscular dystrophy is the result of muscle tissue degeneration whereas Friedreich’s ataxia is the result of nervous tissue degeneration caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion mutation. Both are researched by the Muscular Dystrophy Association.

There are two types, the classic form and one in association with a genetic vitamin E deficiency. They cannot be distinguished clinically.

Jenny asks…

What to use for rain rot and how to prevent it…?

My gelding gets rain rot every year around this time or during the winter months no matter what I do to try and prevent it. I can’t give him a bath because it’s too cold where I live, but what other type of treatment could I use to get rid of it? And how can I prevent him from getting it again? Would a coat supplement, vitamin supplement, or corn oil help? Please help we both would really appreciate it!

Thanks!

PS: He also wears a blanket in the winter.

admin answers:

The dermatophilus congolensis bacteria that cause it live dormant in the skin. When the immune system functions are compromised, or the integrity of the skin is compromised, the bacteria can begin to colonize and develop an active infection in the skin. Every time your horse has an active infection, it can be spread to a wider area or into deeper layers of tissue if you are not careful in handling it.
This is not a fungal infection which only affects dead surface epidermis and hair. This affects living tissue and is treated differently than a fungus is. The products being suggested in other answers are more appropriate for fungal infections, and not for an infection of living tissue.

Good health management is the best preventive. Deworming as needed based on fecal egg counts is one important preventive. Regular vaccinations are another. A well balanced diet with proper balance of proteins, carbohydrates, fat, minerals, and vitamins is important, and regular veterinary evaluation for any metabolic or other conditions that influence the dietary and other needs is a good preventive.

Skin is protected by what is called an “acid mantle”. The natural oils from sebaceous glands, acid pH in sweat, dead cells and bacterial microflora of the skin all work together to maintain the acid mantle and create a barrier between the environment and the skin. This barrier protects against vectors like insects and the microflora compete against pathogenic microbes to prevent infections. The hair coat also protects the skin from harmful UV light rays, and the oils maintain its waterproofing capability.

If you bathe the horse using any kind of soaps or disinfectants, you will strip the skin and hair oils and remove dead cells, alter the pH, and kill off the microflora. Obviously this all impairs skin integrity and can allow injury or infection leading to rain rot.

If you blanket your horse and he overheats and sweats beneath the blanket, the prolonged exposure to dampness against the skin can impair integrity and allow the bacteria to become active and produce rainrot. Leaving a horse out in rain and never bringing him in to get dried off has the same effect. D. Congolensis bacteria are anaerobic, so they thrive in damp, dark, airless environments. As the skin barrier to moisture breaks down from prolonged exposure, the anaerobes begin to thrive and multiply.

So, keeping your horse in overall good health, NOT bathing the coat and skin with soaps and disinfectants, drying the coat and skin out periodically during wet weather, and not leaving blankets on when a horse is sweating underneath it are all preventive. Lots of exercise and fresh air is best, and 24/7 with a run in is ideal, Take precautions against spread if another horse has an outbreak of rain rot. It is transmissible by direct contact, on fences, tack and equipment, and by vectors like flies. The healthier your horse is, and the better his skin integrity is, the less risk there is that he will be newly infected or have a recurrence.

It is also tranmissible to humans, so take precautions.

Supplements only help if they are providing what is needed. I have fed Enreco Omega Horseshine which is a flax linseed oil meal and have always had great results for horses with dry skin or dull coats and you can usually safely add that to your horse’s feed. Compared to some of the others out there, it is a better quality product. Smart pack carries it or you can buy direct online.

This is Horseshine…………………

Http://www.valleyvet.com/ct_detail.html?pgguid=ed970fcd-953e-4880-9757-783c69d02c6e

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Add……………….. If your horse does develop rain rot, you can gently soak the scabs in saline solution and when they soften and loosen, remove them with cotton pads (I use makeup removal pads). You don’t want to drive the infection deeper or spread it around, so be gentle and meticulous. Then rinse with more saline to debride the sores and pat dry. Leave the sores exposed to air which kills the anaerobic bacteria. Be sure to dispose of the scabs in a sealed container as they are loaded with bacteria. A thin layer of EMT can be applied to seal out insects, block pain and itch and promote healing. You can also use Vetericyn. Just be sure to air dry the open sores first. If the skin is swollen, the infection is probably in deeper tissue layers, and your vet can administer antibiotic injections to eradicate the infection.

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