How would you communicate with a hearing-impaired individual?
the reason i ask is because I dont know sign language and i want to know what other ways can you communicate with them?
You could write. The hearing-impaired individual is probably able to read and write.
Considering deaf education as a college major?
I have recently considered being a teacher for deaf/hearing impaired people. I wanted to know if this would be a field I would have difficulty getting a job in or something that is in demand.
I was also wondering if I would have to go into school knowing basic sign language.
Any information would be very helpful.
CHECK OUT GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY IN THE WASHINGTON AREA. ROCHESTER INSITUTE ALSO HAS GOOD PROGRAMS FOR THE DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING.
What is autism, what does it really mean if you are autistic?
I was talking to my friend over the phone once and he was telling me that autism is when kids lose their temper really bad. I think all kids are like that. He tried to explain it to me, that autism is a really serious thing and it needs to be handled professionally. But if autism is just losing your temper really bad, I can name all kinds of people I know who are autistic.
I know there is more to it. Please tell me: what is autism?
The external links lead to sites containing more information/examples of the things I have mentioned.
Autism usually refers to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which is a group containing autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), Asperger’s syndrome (AS) and, depending on what you are classifying, childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) and Rett syndrome.
This is the proposed diagnostic criteria for ASD (read the ‘proposed revision’ and ‘severity’ sections)- http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=94
Autism is a severe, lifelong developmental disorder that consists of a large spectrum of ability and disability ranging from severe ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPWL5yimhyg&feature=g-hist ) to mild ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ludzl-UEcPg&feature=related ). Functioning levels (high to low functioning) are also used, these take into account the presence/severity of intellectual impairments, epilepsy, self injurious behaviour etc.
Many individuals with ASD do have trouble regulating their emotions, and this can lead to them losing their temper. Most individuals with ASD also have sensory processing disorder ( http://www.sensory-processing-disorder.com/ + http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plPNhooUUuc ). Sensory overloads caused by sensory processing disorder (SPD) or can strongly resemble tantrums, but the person experiencing it really can’t help it. SPD may also cause someone to not want to go into certain situations (eg. Not wanting to put on their clothes due to tactile hypersensitivities) which may resemble oppositional behaviour.
People with ASD have impaired communicative abilities. In a mildly affected individual this may be limited to impairments in nonverbal communication (such as an inability to read facial expressions and not understanding concepts like personal space) and atypical speech. In a severely affected individual this could consist of no speech, some learn to use varying amounts of sign language or electronic communication devices (such as iPad apps specifically designed for individuals with limited or no speech). Some individuals have no communicative abilities whatsoever.
People with ASD also have significant impairments in social skills. Some individuals may wish to have friends but be unable to make them (without help), whilst others have no desire for friendships.
People with ASD have repetitive and restrictive behaviors. This can take the form of stereotyped movement or speech (echolalia, rocking, hand flapping, self injurious behaviors) ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15C79nPbcx8&feature=related ), these are theorized to be related to the SPD. People with ASD are very reliant on strict routines, and become very distressed when their routines are broken ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pX9MZ2yg6-U ). These routines can consist of things such as: wearing the same clothes every day, taking the same route, sitting in the same spot, even eating the same food.
A few people with high functioning ASD are very talented in the areas of mathematics, science and technology, but a significantly higher proportion have immense difficulty in these areas. Comorbid learning disabilities (dyslexia, dyscalculia etc.) are common. Intellectual impairments affect 40% of people with ASD (but, obviously, nobody who is high functioning). All the known genetic causes of ASD cause comorbid intellectual impairments.
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