Monthly Archives: January 2014

Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

January 21, 2014

Mark asks…

Does Parkinson’s Disease affect any systems other than the nervous system?

I have a science project due in two weeks and I can’t find anything about this on google.

admin answers:

The short answer is yes. We’ll get to the long answer.

In searching for the answer, you should have also looked for organs of the body. The answer appears in Yahoo Answers a few times.

Ok here’s the long answer – you’re going to have to do some thinking yourself because I mention organs more than systems but you can match the symptom with the organ(s) and the symptom(s)

Don’t let anyone tell you that the brain (nervous system origin area) is the only organ which suffers in PD. The entire body is affected.

Organs and Organ Systems:
SKELETAL System composed of bones, cartilage, tendons & ligaments
MUSCULAR system: skeletal and smooth muscles
CIRCULATORY system: heart, blood vessels and blood
NERVOUS System: To relay electrical signals throughout brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
RESPIRATORY system: nose, trachea, lungs
DIGESTIVE system: Mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, intestines
EXCRETORY System: Kidneys, ureters, badder, urethra
ENDOCRINE System: pancreas, adrenal glands, etc
REPRODUCTIVE system: testes, seminal vesicles, penis, ovaries, oviducts,uterus, vagina, mammary glands
LYMPHATIC/IMMUNE System: Lymph, nodes & vessels, white blood cells, T- and B- cells

Below are just some of the symptoms of PD

Automatic movements such as blinking, sweating – Brain
Cramps in both abdominal area and in hands, legs, feet
Constipation: Brain (because of muscle rigidity and Digestive organs – same reasons)
Difficulty starting or continuing movement: Brain but the eyes can also be involved to assist the way out of the freeze.
Dystonia/dyskinesia – often a result of medication wearing off
Impaired balance of walking: Brain, muscular and skeletal systems
(see this link to an interesting research abstract:…
Drooling: lack of ability to swallow – stiffening of muscles
Lack of facial expression: stiffening of muscles
Loss of small or fine hand movements: muscles stiffen
Muscle aches (myalgia) and joint aches from stiffening
Orthostatic hypotension
Problems with movement – sitting, standing, walking, getting into and out of bed
Retropulsion – rapid forward gait (seen earlier in the disease)
Rigid or stiff muscles
Shaking, tremors
Shuffling gait: (part of muscle rigidity, lack of balance)
Slowed movements:
Slowed, quiet speech, monotone voice
Slowed thought processes
Stooped posture:
Fainting: (orthostatic hypotension – blood pressure) medication side effects also
Loss of muscle function or feeling:
Urinary problems: urinary frequency, urinary hesitancy, incontinence
Variations in heart rate
Sexual Dysfunction

Anosmia – loss of sense of smell
Anxiety, stress, tension
Hallucinations (this is also a side effect of some meds)
Memory Loss
Loss of sense of smell/taste
Vision disorders
Sleep disorders
Seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis:
Loss of cognitive skills:
Liver is stressed and overstressed because many of the medications are processed by the liver.

There may be a relationship between the immune system and Parkinson’s. This would suggest that all systems of the body have a relationship to PD whether causative (effective) or as a result (affected)

Paul asks…

What are the symptoms of sleep deprivation?

Please don’t add things that just have correlation (unless there is a significantly high correlation)
I’m doing this for a project, and I’m going to be presenting this to my school’s administration staff as well so… serious answers would be appreciated.

admin answers:

Irritability, muscle aches, hallucinations (Only really happens after a few days without sleep because you go through REM sleep while awake), nystagmus (Same conditions as hallucinations), bloodshot eyes, increased stress, impaired memory, confusion, sensitivity to cold, headaches, hyperactive behavior (Similar to ADHD but temporary), periorbital puffiness, decreased reaction time, tremors, and impaired immune system.

Robert asks…

What happened after you had an abnormal paps?

My last pap smear result came back abnormal. I did my research and I found that it could be precancerous cells that can evolve into cervical cancer. Everything I found told me that cervical cancer is caused by hpv…but the doctor told me that I didn’t have hpv. What are the other causes of an abnormal paps or even cervical cancer (I don’t believe that is what I have) but if my cells are abnormal and they are most times precancerous then doing the math it has to be hpv?

admin answers:

I’m not sure where you got this information, but you can get cervical cancer without HPV. We don’t know what causes any cancer including this one. HPV is not the cause of cervical cancer it is a risk factor for it and several other cancers. Abnormal paps can be caused by bacterial or yeast infections, smoking (another risk factor) or having an impaired immune system.

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Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language

January 20, 2014

Richard asks…

How do I immerse myself into the deaf community?

Hi! I am a hearing person, I have hearing parents, and I know absolutely no one who is deaf or who knows sign language. I’m learning sign language, but I find it difficult to sign with other people when I haven’t met them, haha. So I was wondering how I could meet deaf people? I’m from Houston, and I’ve already seen but it says nothing about hearing people. That also leads me to wonder if my actions would seem rude to someone who is deaf? Thanks for any help!

admin answers:

It’s good to see a person who wants to be a part of the Deaf community because it shows that they really do care. I hate to say it though, but there will be people in the community who will see people who are hearing who want to be involved in their world as a ‘threat.’ So please be aware of this.

That being said, you could meet people who are Deaf in lots of ways. One of them is to go to a local ASL class.. Another is to go to online forums such as AllDeaf. As far as I’m aware, they do organize meetings/video chat so you can sign with them.

There will be some people who will welcome you, and others who won’t. But if you persevere, I think you will be able to be a part of it. I should add that people who are deaf (both deaf & Deaf) generally have this ‘shared understanding,’ if you will, which hearing people don’t really seem to have.

Also, if you’re planning on being involved in the Deaf community, I’d advise you not to use the term “hearing impaired” because it can be deemed as offensive.

Donna asks…

need information on closed head injury and specific language impairment. thankk youu?

Does a child with a Closed Head Injury (CHI) differ or compare to a child having a Specific Language Impairment (SLI)? How do they compare or differ? Does it affect the brain and if so what part of the brain? Which aspects or characteristics does it affect in the child?

admin answers:

Main differences between a child with a Closed Head Injury and a child with a Specific Language Impairment:

1) Cause: Closed head injury is an injury or blunt trauma to the brain inside an intact skull. Injury to the brain causes swelling, which quickly increases the pressure within the skull (intracranial pressure). The increased pressure causes more damage to the brain, which causes more swelling, and so on. CHI is most commonly associated
with motor vehicle, motor vehicle–pedestrian, or motor
vehicle–bike accidents; falls; or sports-related injuries, but
they can also be associated with incidents that result in a
severe lack of oxygen to the brain such as near drowning or
cardiac arrest.

Common names for closed head injuries include concussion epidural hematoma subdural hematoma and intracerebral hemorrhage

Some types of closed head injury stop the cycle automatically (concussion), while others will continue to get worse until the victim dies (epidural hematoma)

The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

Specific language impairment (SLI) describes a condition of markedly delayed language development in the absence of any apparent handicapping conditions

Many different terms have been used to describe the childhood disorder that is characterized by markedly delayed language development in the absence of any conditions such as deafness, autism, or mental retardation that would explain the delay. SLI is also sometimes called childhood dysphasia or developmental language disorder

3) A TBI or CHI can caused SLE such as a battered child or shaken child syndrome.

4) Area of the injury in the brain:
Closed head injury ( CHI) or traumatic brain injury(TBI) – frontal lobe
SLE( specific language impairment) – left hemisphere.

5) Brain abnormality and genetics can play a role in SLE.It’s a developmental disorder.

6) CHI may cause difficulty in expressive communication..and a difficulty in perceptual ability with the processing of rapidly timed events of which speech is the most taxing example.

7) CHI -The trauma is often followed by coma, lasting from minutes to weeks or months
8) Children with a brain injury often have cognitive and communication deficits that significantly impact their ability to function.

If a parent notices that a child is having problems with speech or is not achieving language milestones around the usual time, a doctor should be consulted.

TBI may cause difficulty with expressive communication. There may be word-finding difficulties, an inability to express an idea appropriately, or difficulty providing explanations. There can also be inconsistencies with receptive language within either the written and/or the spoken word.

9) The prognosis for children with SLI depends very heavily on the type and severity of the language problem experienced. Many language problems can be largely overcome, although some difficulties usually persist SLI can lead to decreased social interaction and decreased school performance.because of their difficulty in mastering the language. Prognosis for CHI might be fatal. Depending on the severity and location of the injury.

10) There is no way to prevent SLE. Compared to CHI. Which causative factors can be avoided.

11)Children with a brain injury often have cognitive (thinking) and communication problems that significantly impair their ability to live independently. These problems vary depending on how widespread brain damage is and the location of the injury.

Cognition (thinking skills) includes an awareness of one’s surroundings, attention to tasks, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and executive functioning (e.g., goal setting, planning, initiating, self-awareness, self-monitoring and evaluation). Problems vary depending on the location and severity of the brain injury.

It may be an effort for them to understand both written and spoken messages, as if they were trying to comprehend a foreign language. The child may have difficulty with spelling, writing, and reading, as well.

The person may have trouble with social communication.

In addition to all of the above, muscles of the lips and tongue may be weaker or less coordinated after TBI. The child may have trouble speaking clearly. The child may not be able to speak loudly enough to be heard in conversation. Muscles may be so weak that the child is unable to speak at all. Weak muscles may also limit the ability to chew and swallow effectively.

Cognitive difficulties are very common in people with TBI. Cognition (thinking skills) includes an awareness of one’s surroundings, attention to tasks, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and executive functioning (e.g., goal setting, planning, initiating, self-awareness, self-monitoring and evaluation).

Problems vary depending on the location and severity of the injury to the brain and may include the following:The child with SLI also often has difficulties learning a new language. Children with SLI are not cognitively impaired and are not withdrawn or socially aloof like an autistic child.
The child with SLI may have trouble concentrating. The child might have difficulty in reading.

12) A child with closed head injury or TBI may have problems with recent memory. New learning can be difficult. Long-term memory for events and things that occurred before the injury, however, is generally unaffected (e.g., the person will remember names of friends and family).

.After brain injury, things that once were easy and familiar become strange and difficult. Intensive mental effort is usually required to do things that required little or no effort before brain injury. Work and school, personal and family life often suffer too. Typically, children become unmanageable, grades drop, personalities change and they regress to a earlier developmental stage.

Specific language impairment does not involve global developmental delays; children with SLI function within the typical range in non-linguistic areas, such as nonverbal social interaction, play, and self-help skills (e.g., feeding and dressing themselves). Children with autism spectrum disorders have core impairments in social interaction and communication, including both nonverbal and verbal skills, as well as certain characteristic behaviors (e.g., repetitive movements, lack of pretend play, and inflexible adherence to routines) that are not found in youngsters with SLI.

Betty asks…

Do you have a name preference for special needs people?

I prefer “special needs”. I have been on both sides of the issue. I am not PWD. Challenged, yes. I am not disabled or handicapped, but I do have special needs. I also am a substitute special education teacher; for life skills, autism, hearing-impaired and emotional support.

admin answers:

Both me and my only child are Social Security Administration (SSA) Registered-Certified Disabled Persons With Disabilities (PWDs). I am also a Registered Member of the Ectodermal Dysplasias International Registry. I was born with various physical Disabilities and I also have some acquired Disabilities. My only child was born with Autism and Mental Retardation. Both me and my only child are SEVERELY Disabled PWDs by birth and we can NOT pass as Non-PWDs in Mainstream Society.

I intensely dislike the phrase “Special Needs” for various reasons.

Various PWDs within the PWD Community (including myself) do consider the phrase “Special Needs” to be extremely offensive and and patronizing. Various PWDs see the phase “Special Needs” as “segregation” and that PWDs are different, not normal, and that PWDs are special. Various PWDs do NOT want to be seen as “Special Needs persons” and not being different and not as special persons but want to be seen as NORMAL persons who just so happen to have Disabilities.

I prefer the label “PWD”. I also prefer “PWD Insider Language” terms that are used in reference to PWDs.

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Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

January 19, 2014

Mark asks…

Farewell to false love by sir walter raleigh? Who is it talking about?

In the poem farewell to false love by walter raleigh who is being described as a mortal boy with enemy to rest and all the other things in the poem? is it raleigh’s love, or the concept of false love or somethin else? any help on this poem much appreciated.

admin answers:

Here is the whole poem:

A Farewell to False Love
a poem by Sir Walter Raleigh

A Farewell to False Love

Farewell false love, the oracle of lies,
A mortal foe and enemy to rest,
An envious boy, from whom all cares arise,
A bastard vile, a beast with rage possessed,
A way of error, a temple full of treason,
In all effects contrary unto reason.

A poisoned serpent covered all with flowers,
Mother of sighs, and murderer of repose,
A sea of sorrows whence are drawn such showers
As moisture lend to every grief that grows;
A school of guile, a net of deep deceit,
A gilded hook that holds a poisoned bait.

A fortress foiled, which reason did defend,
A siren song, a fever of the mind,
A maze wherein affection finds no end,
A raging cloud that runs before the wind,
A substance like the shadow of the sun,
A goal of grief for which the wisest run.

A quenchless fire, a nurse of trembling fear,
A path that leads to peril and mishap,
A true retreat of sorrow and despair,
An idle boy that sleeps in pleasure’s lap,
A deep mistrust of that which certain seems,
A hope of that which reason doubtful deems.

Sith* then thy trains my younger years betrayed,[since]
And for my faith ingratitude I find;
And sith repentance hath my wrongs bewrayed*,[revealed]
Whose course was ever contrary to kind*:[nature]
False love, desire, and beauty frail, adieu.
Dead is the root whence all these fancies grew.

Sir Walter Raleigh

Here you have the answer:

Farewell false love, the oracle of lies,
A mortal foe and enemy to rest,
An envious boy, from whom all cares arise,
A bastard vile, a beast with rage possessed,
A way of error, a temple full of treason,
In all effects contrary unto reason *

It’s the absence of understanding of his life.
He says his life is a big and horrible mistake, which he despises.
Non acceptance of his inner self.
It’s a very sad and interrogative poem.

Best luck!

William asks…

Can a hunter capable of loving pets?

Can a person whose hobby is hunting is capable of having pets at home? Isnt it an irony?

admin answers:

Hi Sal,
A very philosophical question. A ladyfriend used to say to me, when discussing the need for this one special loving relationship, “this love should be such that it increases your love for everybody else”. I thought this was very profound, what she said. I think that there is a kind of selfish love that concerns itself with “myself and those that are connected with myself ONLY” and doesn’t care what happens to anyone or anything else. I think that this is the kind of love that hunters have for their pets. I’m not talking about people who shoot animals for food. Personally, I wouldn’t want to consume animal carcasses for food but some people feel that they need meat in order to survive. That, to me, is not the same thing as people that go out with lots of horses and packs of dogs and chase a poor helpless and terrified creature, totally outnumbered by the big host that is following it, for hours to absolute exhaustion, with no chance of escape, only to finally watch it being torn to pieces, while yet alive, by the dogs, just for the fun of it! This is nothing but cowardice and sadism, and sadism is, by definition, a form of perversion of the mind. Therefore the logical conclusion is that you have to be a pervert in order to enjoy this sort of cruel “sport”. There are quite a few highly educated, well-spoken and nicely dressed perverts walking around in suits!!!
As regards overpopulation, the human race is probably the most overpopulated species. Man forever encroaches on the habitat of the wildlife, squeezing them out of their homes. Then when they wander into his dwellings because they have no place else left to go, he complains that they are overpopulating! Or, he builds huge motorways through their lands and across the passages that they have used for thousands of years. Now they suddenly find that their territory has been dissected by this terrible death trap that they must cross at the peril of their lives. Man complains about them damaging his noisy, polluting, carbon-emitting vehicles!!! And then there’s the one about the “vermin”. That one really gets to me (I don’t actually carry that word in my vocabulary). A bit like the guy that goes out shooting magpies. Man’s greed, the intensification of agriculture, the use of monocultures, pesticides, etc has caused a huge decline in the variety and number of wild birds. Now apparently, according to this guy, magpies are a pest because they take the baby birds. Which is the bigger problem, the magpies or all the things man has done to destroy their habitat? Their they come, driving up with their 4×4′s, polluting the environment, in order to shoot the “vermin” that causes so much “damage”. By driving up in their big cars they cause more damage than all the “vermin” they have shot in a lifetime, together! (By the way, magpies have an important function to clear up all the carcasses of the animals hit by speeding cars and left dead by the roadside. If there were no more magpies, crows, etc, then these carcasses would be left to rot slowly and become very toxic and dangerous.)
I mean, how do you define a “vermin”??? Is it, by the amount of pollution they cause??? By the amount of destruction of the rain forest??? By the amount of oil spills in the sea??? By the amount of nuclear explosions??? By the amount of artificial diseases created??? By the amount of devastation through wars??? By the number of species extinct through them??? By the amount of climate change caused??? By the amount of poverty and misery through exploitation??? Etc??? Perhaps those that are so quick to label other species “vermin” should take an honest look at themselves and examine themselves for what they really are. Perhaps those that go out to shoot the “vermin” can start by first turning the guns on the biggest vermin… Perhaps then the world would become a happier place for the species that remain…


David asks…

is it true that actor danny glover blamed the haitian earthquake on global warming?

admin answers:

No he didn’t. If you actually listen to the audio (and ignore the headline) in the link below, he’s talking about the perils island nations are facing due to global warming (and sea level rise). Then he says:

“What happened in Haiti could happen to anywhere in the Caribbean because all these island nations are in peril because of global warming,” Glover said. “When we see what we did at the climate summit in Copenhagen, this is the response, this is what happens, you know what I’m sayin’?”

He never directly linked the earthquake to global warming, he was just talking about the perils facing island nations like Haiti in general. The earthquake is one example, effects from global warming are another. The latter we can do something about.

Anyway, he’s just an actor. Frankly whether or not he blamed the earthquake on global warming really doesn’t matter.

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Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

January 18, 2014

John asks…

How long does the flu usually last for most people?

Ive been running fever off and on for 3 days now, and I feel alot better after drinking orange juice when i do. All I have is the chills sometimes when i wake up from my sleep at night and the night sweats sometimes.

admin answers:

A week. Until you really start to feel like yourself again. Longer in some people like young children and the elderly. Since their immune system is either under developed or impaired.

Joseph asks…

Has anyone heard of an association between chronic lyme disease and geographic tongue?

I have been diagnosed with chronic lyme disease, which I have had since childhood. I have also been experiencing geographic tongue since about the same time. Has anyone experienced this correlation, or know of a link between the two? Thanks.

admin answers:

If you’ve had chronic Lyme for years, it has had a huge impact on your immune system. An impaired immune system can allow all kinds of other problems–parasites, viruses, yeast, etc–to move in and set up housekeeping. Even if the Lyme didn’t “cause” the tongue condition, it may well have contributed to it by battering down the immune system.

People with long-term Lyme often benefit from detoxification protocols and immune system support, in addition to whatever antibiotics you may be taking.

Good sources of info about Lyme disease:

Lisa asks…

What’s the difference between EFA and Omega 3 nutritional supplements?

I would like to know what the functions of each one of these are, and if they contain similar nutritional value.

admin answers:

Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) are necessary fats that humans cannot synthesize, and must be obtained through diet. EFAs are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from linolenic, linoleic, and oleic acids. There are two families of EFAs: Omega-3 and Omega-6. Omega-9 is necessary yet “non-essential” because the body can manufacture a modest amount on its own, provided essential EFAs are present. The number following “Omega-” represents the position of the first double bond, counting from the terminal methyl group on the molecule. Omega-3 fatty acids are derived from Linolenic Acid, Omega-6 from Linoleic Acid, and Omega-9 from Oleic Acid.
EFAs support the cardiovascular, reproductive, immune, and nervous systems. The human body needs EFAs to manufacture and repair cell membranes, enabling the cells to obtain optimum nutrition and expel harmful waste products. A primary function of EFAs is the production of prostaglandins, which regulate body functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, blood clotting, fertility, conception, and play a role in immune function by regulating inflammation and encouraging the body to fight infection. Essential Fatty Acids are also needed for proper growth in children, particularly for neural development and maturation of sensory systems, with male children having higher needs than females. Fetuses and breast-fed infants also require an adequate supply of EFAs through the mother’s dietary intake.
EFA deficiency is common in the United States, particularly Omega-3 deficiency. An ideal intake ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 fatty acids is between 1:1 and 4:1, with most Americans only obtaining a ratio between 10:1 and 25:1. The minimum healthy intake for both linolenic (Omega-3) and linoleic (Omega-6) acid via diet, per adult per day, is 1.5 grams of each. One tablespoon of flaxseed oil can provide this amount, or larger amounts of other linolenic-rich foods. Because high heat destroys linolenic acid, cooking in linolenic-rich oils or eating cooked linolenic-rich fish is unlikely to provide a sufficient amount.
EFA deficiency and Omega 6/3 imbalance is linked with serious health conditions, such as heart attacks, cancer, insulin resistance, asthma, lupus, schizophrenia, depression, postpartum depression, accelerated aging, stroke, obesity, diabetes, arthritis, ADHD, and Alzheimer’s Disease, among others.

Omega-3 (Linolenic Acid)

Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA) is the principal Omega-3 fatty acid, which a healthy human will convert into eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and later into docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EPA and the GLA synthesized from linoleic (Omega-6) acid are later converted into hormone-like compounds known as eicosanoids, which aid in many bodily functions including vital organ function and intracellular activity.
Omega-3s are used in the formation of cell walls, making them supple and flexible, and improving circulation and oxygen uptake with proper red blood cell flexibility and function.
Omega-3 deficiencies are linked to decreased memory and mental abilities, tingling sensation of the nerves, poor vision, increased tendency to form blood clots, diminished immune function, increased triglycerides and “bad” cholesterol (LDL) levels, impaired membrane function, hypertension, irregular heart beat, learning disorders, menopausal discomfort, itchiness on the front of the lower leg(s), and growth retardation in infants, children, and pregnant women.
Omega-6 (Linoleic Acid)

Linoleic Acid is the primary Omega-6 fatty acid. A healthy human with good nutrition will convert linoleic acid into gamma linolenic acid (GLA), which will later by synthesized, with EPA from the Omega-3 group, into eicosanoids.
Some Omega-6s improve diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, PMS, skin disorders (e.g. Psoriasis and eczema), and aid in cancer treatment.
Although most Americans obtain an excess of linoleic acid, often it is not converted to GLA because of metabolic problems caused by diets rich in sugar, alcohol, or trans fats from processed foods, as well as smoking, pollution, stress, aging, viral infections, and other illnesses such as diabetes. It is best to eliminate these factors when possible, but some prefer to supplement with GLA-rich foods such as borage oil, black currant seed oil, or evening primrose oil.

Found in foods:

Flaxseed oil, flaxseeds, flaxseed meal, hempseed oil, hempseeds, grapeseed oil, pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, pistachio nuts, sunflower seeds (raw), olive oil, olives, borage oil, evening primrose oil, black currant seed oil, chestnut oil, chicken, among many others.
Avoid refined and hydrogenated versions of these foods.
Corn, safflower, sunflower, soybean, and cottonseed oils are also sources of linoleic acid, but are refined and may be nutrient-deficient as sold in stores.

Omega-9 (Oleic Acid)

Essential but technically not an EFA, because the human body can manufacture a limited amount, provided essential EFAs are present.

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Your Questions About If You Choose To Pull The Trigger

January 17, 2014

Helen asks…

according to what president JFK reported to the american people on the soviet arms buildup in cuba in 1962?

did the president do a good job of explaining both the situation and the reason the U.S. intended to take its chosen course of action?
did the speech help?

admin answers:

In a geopolitical world defined by real ideological conflict between the Communist Soviet Union and its allies, including Cuba, and the democratic United States and its allies, most people understood the stakes of nuclear war. And, most people understood what it meant. I know it’s fiction, but Skip Tyler in the Hunt for Red October movie makes the following observation, “When I was twelve, I helped my daddy build a bomb shelter in our basement because some fool parked a dozen warheads 90 miles off the coast of Florida.”

Yes, in the late 50s and 60s, we had nukes in Turkey and Western Europe that were minutes away from Soviet and Warsaw Pact countries. But, that was us and we trust ourselves not to do anything stupid. But, this is the Soviet Union putting nuclear warheads 90 miles from Miami. And, we don’t trust the Russians to not pull the trigger. Again, you have to understand the mindset in 1962 and not the mindset today. The great fear was that we were about to get attacked by the Soviet Union any day, that they were just waiting for the chance. And, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev was not seen as a man of peace. In 1956, he told Western diplomats, “We will bury you.” In 1960, in an angry response to a speech at the UN, he pounded the table with his shoe. And now he put missiles minutes away from Miami.

So, yes, JFK’s speech was effective in convincing Americans that nuclear war was close. And, bomb shelter sales went through the roof in October 1962….

Ken asks…

Help me choose anyone who is familiar with airsoft?

I was thinking of getting the g&g combat machine RK47 or the G4-A3 Tactical Carbine Blowback both from airsoft gi. And they both don’t come with a battery. High fps I think becuase I need to play on field.
Which one should I choose from airsoftgi?
So Thanks.

admin answers:

This might seem really long, but you’ll be much better off if you take the time to read over it.

If you want an AK, get a Cyma full-metal (and real wood stock if you want) AK47, they’re one of the best AK’s there are, and they’re cheap. If you want an M4, get a Combat Machine or Tokyo Marui (if you can afford that). Airsoft GI’s guns (the g4 series) are worse than a Combat Machine m4. They’re actually modified Combat Machine m4′s, just more expensive because they throw a bunch of external goodies on it, put in a blowback system (which stresses the gun and gives more opportunity to fail), and “upgrades” the gearbox, which is the functioning part of the gun. Thing is, if you “upgrade” any one part of the Combat Machine m4′s gearbox, it’s going to be too intense for the next part of the system. Like if they put in stronger metal gears, the gears are going to wear down the piston faster. So basically it’s bad for the gun what they do, it just looks cooler but will get destroyed faster. Also, high FPS means nothing at all. Remember this. NOTHING. High FPS is bad if anything. See, the way an airsoft gun shoots, is first, when you pull the trigger, it completes the circuit from the battery to the motor. So the motor starts to spin (the more stress on the motor, the slower it spins). The motor is spinning a series of gears, and the last gear of those is pulling back the piston. Halfway through one full spin, there aren’t any teeth on that gear, so it lets go of the piston and the spring pushes a bunch of air really fast out of a nozzle. Here’s a good animation of this all working:

So if you want to shorten that even more, motor turns gears, gears compress the spring with the piston, then let go and air pushes the BB. If you have more FPS, it means you have a stronger spring, because it’ll push the piston forward faster than a weaker spring. Remember how I said the more stress on the motor, the slower it spins? Yeah, stronger FPS, which means a stronger spring, means the motor has more work to do. Give it less work, and it will spin faster, which gives you more rounds per second. Obviously there’s other ways you can get more rounds per second (higher voltage battery, better motor) but this way will make the gun last long. Trust me, rounds per second matters WAY more than any FPS does. I’d say 340 fps max, because some places don’t allow you to go above 350, not even one shot, so 340 will keep you moderately safe. If you want an FPS increase without any stress on the gearbox, get a tight bore barrel. Don’t be fooled, a lot of places will say that a 6.01mm is better than a 6.03mm. This isn’t true at all. Unless you’re running a very expensive, very precise piece of weaponry, a 6.01 will only make your gun less accurate and will even drop FPS because there’s not enough air space for the BB to travel. A 6.03mm will stabilize the BB plenty and keep the FPS at a peak point. So if I were you, I’d get either the Cyma full metal/real wood AK47, and maybe downgrade the spring and put in a 6.03 tightbore if you want upgrades. Same thing with a Combat Machine m4. Both will end up being great beginner guns with high rounds per second and will last long. If you do get upgrades, find an airsoft tech to put them in for you. While you’re at it, get a Type 0 cylinder. Some cylinders have little holes in them, and despite what people tell you, they were initially created to drop the FPS of a gun because of FPS limits in Japan. They make it so you have to use a more powerful spring to get the same FPS that type 0 would bring you. So a weaker spring and a type 0 cylinder along with a 6.03mm barrel will give you a very nice piece of weaponry, and those upgrades aren’t too expensive. Just ask your airsoft tech what power of spring you should be using in combination with a type 0 and a 6.03mm to get around 350fps. I know it sounds nice to have a powerful gun shooting BBs fast, but really, you’re just starting out, and you have to make sacrifices. Everyone goes through their beginner stage where they want the perfect gun, but trust me, this way you will end up the happiest and with the most cash in your wallet. Just remember to use good BB’s (KSC perfect’s are good BBs. The heavier the BB, the more precise the shots will be, and unlike lighter shots, their FPS won’t drop too much after flying through the air a bit. Also a good, easy way to up FPS without unnecessary tension on the gearbox. I’d say get .30g KSC perfect BB’s). All of this can be found at Airsoft GI, by the way.

Have fun airsofting!!! :)

Donald asks…

If you had a choice between having a blood transfusion or bloodless surgery?

Which would you choose?

admin answers:


You don’t always get a choice. If it were up to me, EVERYBODY would have bloodless surgery, surgeons wouldn’t sever arteries, patients wouldn’t become coagulopathic, tumors wouldn’t grow into blood vessels, and everybody would be happy all the time.

But that isn’t the way surgery is. Actually, MOST surgeries do not require transfusions, cell saver blood, or any blood components, even albumen. But for those that do, we give it only when we absolutely need to. Severe anemia can cause heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, and other long term problems.

If you refuse blood products, that’s your choice, and I’ll even give you your anesthetic (if your signed JW card or other notarized legal document is on the chart and you are over 18). Be aware, though, that you might not be able to find a surgeon. You can choose to kill yourself, but you can’t force a physician to pull the trigger. I recently saw a JW patient not get a heart bypass for that reason.

I encourage ALL of you NOT to bleed when you have surgery – it will make your anesthesiologist’s job SO much easier!

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