Monthly Archives: December 2013

Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language Is Known As

December 1, 2013

Robert asks…

I’m licensed agriculturist ,how does NZQA assessed my qualification if its comparable to national certificate?

I have applied for the position of assistant herd manager in new zealand, unfortunately according to the visa officer they cannot assessed my license as agriculturist unless assessed by the NZQA, to know if my qualifications be deemed as comparable to the National Certificate in Agriculture Level 2 which the ISSL requires.

admin answers:

Special Education is for students with DISABILITIES. You have miscatergorized your question. Y!A suggests a category but you need to verify it is the correct category and change it if need be. This will ensure you will get more useful responses.


The provision of education to people with disabilities or learning differences differs across countries and (in the US, Canada, Germany, and other federally organized countries) across states

Special education in India was present since the pre independence time, with very few schools or NGOs helping intellectually impaired children. Today India has come a long way and made a good progress in the field of disability rehabilitation. Presently India has four national institutes for effective implementation of this special education through various government schemes.

Miscatergorizations is a violation of the Y!A Community Guidelines:;_ylt=Al7YZOo5P3CPU4qL9vhG4OI_zKIX;_ylv=3

Categorize correctly.Categorize your question correctly. Placing your question in the right category ensures that it is seen by people who can give you better information and more accurate answers. Yahoo! Answers is available in many countries and languages, so find the right one for your location or language

try the HIGHER ED category;_ylt=Ar1NZd981liDmiITV9oOlPW.xQt.;_ylv=3?link=list&sid=396545359

This is a legitimate attempt to answer a question by redirecting the asker on how to get the information needed. It is not a violation of the TOS or community guidelines.

Yahoo merely SUGGESTS a category–you need to read the suggestions and change it if it is wrong without blindly clicking through the pages……

Thomas asks…

How do the blind (or visually impaired) access the internet?

I’ve looked it up and looked into it, how they have web-readers that will read the entire page/pop-ups/etc, but it seems a very tedious method. Can someone please explain it to me in a better light?

admin answers:

I dont know but I looked it up for you and it said:

however, a screen reader is much more complicated in practice. It is also important that blind people are able to navigate quickly on the screen and find information as they need it. Therefore, screen reader systems are loaded with functionality which read a portion of the screen according to certain different criteria. The more simple ones would read the current character, the current word or the current line. More complex ones would read the status line of an application, the title bar, a certain window, or the current item on the menu as the user navigates. A Braille display is usually an addition to a screen reader. It is a small unit which lays by the keyboard and displays one line of information in Braille, mostly the same which the screen read announces with speech. This helps blind people understand the layout of the screen better, and read texts which is more difficult to understand with speech, for example more complex tables, or texts which contain words in more than one language, such as dictionaries.

The effectiveness of a screen reader greatly determines the effectiveness of blind people on the computer. Long ago, screen readers only allowed to read the screen line by line, so people had to hunt for information they needed. Today, practically any piece of information can be assigned with a hotkey. Different hotkeys would announce different information in different applications. For example, one hotkey would announce the misspelled word in a Microsoft Application, another would read the current table cell in Internet Explorer, etc.

Nowadays, there is a larger variety of screen readers available. Some of the most popular ones, which have been around can be very costly, more than $1000. There are also lower cost screen readers available, and currently free, open source ones are being developed.

Operating systems also include some kind of a screen reader, Windows for example uses Narrator, which is a very simple system, not necessarily sufficient for the complex use of a computer for blind people, but definitely very helpful for smaller tasks. Apple built a very sophisticated screen reader into its operating system. When using Linux, the Gnome Desktop by default also contains a screen reader.

When we look at different types of disabilities, people who are blind probably need the most accommodations in technology in order to use the computer. For certain disabilities, a small software or hardware might do the job, but aside from using a screen reader, blind people also need to rely on developers to have their applications coded in an accessible way.

Certain accessibility issues can be corrected by customizing screen readers, but there are some issues which are difficult, or impossible to overcome.

One of the biggest accessibility issue blind people face today is that images are not described with regular text. Web sites, for example are very difficult to use when image links are not labeled, diagrams are not explained with text, or videos do not provide alternative information.

Probably the second largest challenge is when an application is not usable with the keyboard. Very often, navigation and accessing functionality is directly tied to the mouse and a keyboard equivalent to achieve the same task is not available. The use of the mouse, however, requires site, thus blind people are not able to interact with these applications.

Blind people use the computer keyboard just like anybody else. As a matter of fact, it is not necessary to see the keyboard when typing. The best typists do not look at the keys or their fingers. It definitely takes a learning curve to memorize the keyboard and get up to a certain speed, but it really pays off at the end.

Hear what a screen reader sounds like. Listen to the first two paragraphs of this article in a machine sounding voice, and in a more human sounding voice.

Ruth asks…

does anyone know what age children stop using makaton and start bsl?

i wanted to take a course in makaton but wasnt sure what age children stop using it and start learning bls. i will be working with primary school kids. thanks in advance

admin answers:

Although Makaton is derived from BSL they form two different communication systems. Makaton is designed to be used with spoken language to help children develop their speech and is commonly used with children with learning difficulties to give additional meaning to language. BSL is a complete language in itself with its own grammar and structure and is the first language of many deaf and hearing-impaired people.

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