Monthly Archives: December 2013

Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

December 16, 2013

Donald asks…

What are some of the beliga whale’s special circumstances?

How is the Beluga whale affected by pollution, population changes (with what it eats, what eats it, reproduction, etc.), or captivity?

admin answers:

The global population of Beluga today stands at about 100,000. Although this number is much greater than that of other cetaceans, it is much smaller than historical populations before decades of over-hunting. There are estimated to be 40,000 individuals in the Beaufort Sea, 25,000 in Hudson Bay, 18,000 in the Bering Sea and 28,000 in the Canadian High Arctic. The population in the St. Lawrence estuary is estimated to be around 1000.

Because of their predictable migration pattern and high concentrations, Beluga have been hunted by indigenious Arctic peoples for centuries. In many areas a pattern of hunting, believed to be sustainable, continues to this day. However in other areas, such as the Cook Inlet, Ungava Bay and off west Greenland previous commercial catches (now banned under the general moratorium on whaling) left the populations in great peril. Although not formally allowed, indigenious whaling continues in these areas too, and it is thought the populations may never recover. These areas are the subject of intensive dialogue between Inuit communities and national governments aiming to create a sustainable hunt and are the reason that the Beluga has been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1994.

Because beluga congregrate in river estuaries, human-caused pollution is proving to be a significant danger to their health. Incidents of cancer have been reported to be rising in the St. Lawrence River pollution. The bodies of the Belugas resident in this area contain so many contaminants that their carcasses are treated as toxic waste. It is not known what the long-term effects of this pollution will be on the affected populations.

Indirect human disturbance may also be a threat to the species. While some populations have come to tolerate small boats, others have been known to actively try to avoid ships. Whale-watching Beluga has become a huge and booming activity in the St. Lawrence and Churchill River areas.

Belugas were amongst the first whale species to be brought into captivity. The first Beluga was shown at Barnum’s Museum in New York in 1861. Today it remains one of the few whale species kept at aquariums and sea life parks across North America, Europe and Japan. Their popularity there with visitors reflects their attractive colour, and their range of facial expressions. Whilst most dolphin “smiles” are fixed, the extra movement afforded by their unfused cervical vertebrae allows a greater range of expression. Most beluga found in aquariums are caught in the wild, though captive breeding programmes have enjoyed some success.

Both the United States Navy and the navy of the former Soviet Union have used beluga in anti-mining operations in Arctic waters.

Donna asks…

What are good vocal fry screaming bands?

im looking for bands similar to escape the fate, bless the fall etc.

do you know any fry screaming bands.

admin answers:

ESCAPE THE FATE, i am ghost, bring me the horizon, the red jumpsuit apparatus, saosin, three days grace, afi, alesana, alexisonfire, all time low, the almost, armor for sleep, as i lay dying, atreyu, before their eyes, billy talent, bleeding through, bless the fall, bullet for my valentine, cancer bats, chevelle, chimaira, chiodos, circa surviver, confide, dance gaven dance, darkest hour, a day to remember, destroy the runner, drop dead gorgeus, emmure, envy on the coast, the fall of troy, foo fighters, from autumn to ashes, from first to last, funeral for a friend, green day, halifax, inhale/exhale, killswitch engage, lovehatehero,linkin park, lower definition, mayday parade, matchbox romance, misfits, my chemical romance, norma jean, the offspring, oh sleeper, our last night, pierce the veil, plain white ts, protest the hero, rise against, scary kids scaring kids, seether, senses fail, silverstein, a skylit drive, sixx am, a static lullaby, still remains, story of the year, sum 41, taking back sunday, thursday, underoath, unearth, the used, we are devastation, zebra head, 30 seconds to mars, the absence, abigail williams, the agony scene, aiden, all shall perish, all that remains, anberlin, animosity, annotations of an autopsy, arsonists get all the girls, as blood runs back, as cities burn, at the throne of judgement, august burns red, avenged sevenfold, behemoth, beneath the massacre, beneath the sky, between the buried and me, big dumb face, the black dalhia murder, black tide, born of osiris, breaking benjamin, bullet for my valentine, cannibal corpse, carnifex, the chariot, children of bodom,CKY, coheed and cambria, cradle of filth, darkest hour, a day to remember, dead to fall, demon hunter, despised icon, the devil wears prada, devil driver, diecast, the dillinger escape plan, dimmu borgir, disturbed, emarosa, every time i die, five finger death punch, forever the sickest kids, hawthorne hights, haste the day, HIM, the human abstract, i killed the prom queen, impending doom, in flames, jimmy eat world, job for a cowboy, knights of the abyss, korn, lamb of god, misericordiam, my children my bride, neaera, the number 12 looks like you, opeth, otep, our last night, papa roach, parkway drive, pysrcoptic, psyopus, rage against the machine, see you next tuesday, sea of treachey, shadows fall, slipknot, suicide silence, through the eyes of the dead, trapt, trivium, unearth, whitechapel, winds of plague, with blood comes cleansing, the world alive, zimmers hole,SYMPHONY FOR PERIL, brokencycle

Paul asks…

What books would you suggest for teens?

I’m looking for good FANTASY and FICTION books. I am not fond of vampires and monsters but I like things that “transforms” like Lynne Ewing’s books. Any suggestions?

admin answers:

Seven Kingdoms Trilogy by Kirstin Cashore. The first book in the series is Graceling:
Katsa has been able to kill a man with her bare hands since she was eight–she’s a Graceling, one of the rare people in her land born with an extreme skill. As niece of the king, she should be able to live a life of privilege, but Graced as she is with killing, she is forced to work as the king’s thug.

When she first meets Prince Po, Graced with combat skills, Katsa has no hint of how her life is about to change. She never expects to become Po’s friend. She never expects to learn a new truth about her own Grace–or about a terrible secret that lies hidden far away . . . A secret that could destroy all seven kingdoms with words alone.

The other books in the series are –
2. Fire
3. Bitterblue (coming out in 2011)
Harry Potter series by J K Rowling.
Books in the series –
1.Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (aka Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone)
2. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
3. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
4. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
6. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
Inheritance series by Christopher Paolini. The first book in the series is Eragon:
In Alagaësia, a fifteen-year-old boy of unknown lineage called Eragon finds a mysterious stone that weaves his life into an intricate tapestry of destiny, magic, and power, peopled with dragons, elves, and monsters. Beautifully written and taut with suspense, Eragon is the first installment in an epic fantasy trilogy about a 15-year-old farm boy who discovers his destiny as a Dragon Rider.

The other books in the series are –
2. Eldest
3. Brisingr
Ranger’s Apprentice series by John Flanagan. First book in the series is The Ruins of Gorlan:

He had always wanted to be a warrior. The Rangers, with their dark cloaks and shadowy ways, made him nervous. The villagers believe the Rangers practice magic that makes them invisible to ordinary people. And now fifteen year-old Will, always small for his age, has been chosen as a Ranger’s apprentice. What he doesn’t realize yet is that the Rangers are the protectors of the kingdom. Highly trained in the skills of battle and surveillance, they fight the battles before the battles reach the people. And as Will is about to learn, there is a large battle brewing. The exiled Morgarath, Lord of the Mountains of Rain and Night, is gathering his forces for an attack on the kingdom. This time, he will not be denied . . . .

The other books in the series are –
2. The Burning Bridge
3. The Icebound Land
4. Oakleaf Bearers
5. The Sorcerer in the North
6. The Siege of Macindaw
7. Erak’s Ransom
8. The Kings of Clonmel
9. Halt’s Peril
10. The Emperor of Nihon-Jin (coming out in 2011)
Percy Jackson and the Olympians series by Rick Riordan. First book in the series is The Lightning Thief:
Percy Jackson is a good kid, but he can’t seem to focus on his schoolwork or control his temper. And lately, being away at boarding school is only getting worse-Percy could have sworn his pre-algebra teacher turned into a monster and tried to kill him. When Percy’s mom finds out, she knows it’s time that he knew the truth about where he came from, and that he go to the one place he’ll be safe. She sends Percy to Camp Half Blood, a summer camp for demigods (on Long Island), where he learns that the father he never knew is Poseidon, God of the Sea. Soon a mystery unfolds and together with his friends — one a satyr and the other the demigod daughter of Athena — Percy sets out on a quest across the United States to reach the gates of the Underworld (located in a recording studio in Hollywood) and prevent a catastrophic war between the gods.

Other books in the series are –
2. The Sea of Monsters
3. The Titan’s Curse
4. The Battle of the Labyrinth
5. The Last Olympian

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Your Questions About If You Choose To Take This Mission

December 15, 2013

Michael asks…

Do church mission trips look good on college applications?

I am going on a mission trip to Brunswick, GA where we’ll rebuild roofs of houses and do more physical work. Would it impress if i put this on a college application?

admin answers:

Before I answer this question, I want to state something. College Directors look for students academics as well as activities. Now what I mean by activities, I mean any type of Community, Leadership, or Sport related. Especially the last two.

Now to answer your question, it might be prized by some colleges and it might be looked at as a regular community service. It depends on two things: A) what exactly all happened and B) what college your going to. If you go to some place like Harvard, eh maybe it will look good, but if your grades don’t support you, then im not sure. On the other Hand, a college like UCLA might have a different foot note. So to conclude, this question is a little vague, but no matter what you choose, the more you place in your application (even something like this), the better you look towards at colleges. Another thing I should add, you don’t want to be modest on application. Sell yourself, make yourself look the best you can.

Maria asks…

What is a good mission statement for a Hotel?

I need to come up with a good mission statement to represent my hotel and I am absolutely clueless right now… Anyone have any ideas?
I dont really care about making my own I am just doing this for my boss lol I want it to be good though..

But please someone give me a vision and a mission statement pleaseeeee!

admin answers:

You really need to write your own. My advice would be to choose no more than 2-3 things that are most important to you (ie., making guests comfortable, being a good value, great place for families, nice amenities, excellent service, etc.) and work those into the first sentence your mission statement. Then for the second sentence, follow up with a “vision” of what you want your hotel to be in the future – so it shows what you are working toward.

Nancy asks…

How can I make all team members survive suicide mission in Mass Effect 2?

Okay I am up to the point in the games where I am ready to start the mission to retrieve the Iss module thing. But I would like to know what upgrades i need to make everyone live. Also Jack is not loyal to me can i plz get directions to survive the last mission thanks.

admin answers:

Contrary to popular belief not everyone has to be loyal. It’s perfectly possible to get everyone out alive if a squadmate is not loyal. In fact, my brother did it.

I will write this guide assuming you have never played this part so I will avoid spoiling too much.

Before doing the IFF mission make sure you have dealt with every sidequest you wanted to do. After the IFF mission you will get the option to do one more new sidequest after doing some talking to a squadmate on your ship. After this sidequest going to the galaxy map will trigger a cutscene and a scene involving Joker. It is crucial that you do the final mission immediately after this if you want your entire crew to survive.

The upgrades you need are the ship upgrades from Tali, Garrus and Jacob. You will lose a squadmate for any of these three upgrades you don’t have.

Before the final mission starts you can choose two specialists for certain tasks. You need a team leader and a tech expert. Pick Garrus and Tali. Other options are possible but for the sake of not spoiling too much I will not go into too much detail about the specialists.

At one point one squadmate will have to return to the ship. It will be useful later in the mission that you don’t have too many weak characters, so send Mordin, who is the worst defensive character.

Later you will need a biotic expert and a second team leader. Garrus can once again lead the team. The biotic expert should be Samara because Jack is not loyal.

Then it’s time to go to the final boss. You will take a squad of loyal characters with you. Make sure Garrus, Grunt and Zaeed are not part of the final squad because they will be left behind with the others to hold a defensive position. These are the tough guys and improve the chances of survival of the characters holding the line. There are two bad defenders left, which are Tali and Jack (or Kasumi if you have the DLC). Jack can’t be part of your final squad or she will die so take Tali and a squadmate of choice (but not one of the three defensive characters).

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Your Questions About Carnitine

December 14, 2013

Chris asks…

Which of the following ingredients listed has to do with energy in energy drinks?

I have an assignment for my biology class where I choose my favorite energy drink and have to explain how the ingredients use metabolic pathways to give energy to the human body. I already looked up some and found like only a few that really have to do with energy and the rest I’m not sure. A few even sound beneficial but I’m not sure if i’m doing my research right. Can someone please tell me which ones really do have to do with energy and which don’t? please? Here are the ingredients for a Monster energy drink I’m using: Carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, natural flavors, taurine, sodium citrate, panaz gingseng root extract, l-carnitine l-tartrate, caffeine, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, niacinamide, sodium chloride, d-glucrondlactone, inosital, guarana seed extract, pyridoxine, hydrochloride, sucralose, riboflavin, maltodextrin, cyanocobalamin

admin answers:

You got a rather cumbersome assignment.
Well i’ll list references for Taurine and Riboflavin so you’d know where to look :)

Physiological functionsTaurine is essential for cardiovascular function, and development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina and the central nervous system.[20]

Taurine is conjugated via its amino terminal group with chenodeoxycholic acid and cholic acid to form the bile salts sodium taurochenodeoxycholate and sodium taurocholate. The low pKa[21] of taurine’s sulfonic acid group ensures this moiety is negatively charged in the pH ranges normally found in the intestinal tract and, thus, improves the surfactant properties of the cholic acid conjugate.

Biochemical functionFlavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) function as coenzymes for a wide variety of oxidative enzymes and remain bound to the enzymes during the oxidation-reduction reactions. Flavins can act as oxidizing agents because of their ability to accept a pair of hydrogen atoms. Reduction of isoalloxazine ring (FAD, FMN oxidized form) yields the reduced forms of the flavoproteins (FMNH2 and FADH2).

Thomas asks…

Fat burning supplements in the Philippines: L-Carnitine or Fitrum?

from what i gathered, fitrum has added green tea and contains less l-carnitine than pure L-Carnitine supplements. which is more effective though? are there any other natural supplements on the market that are better than these? thanks!

admin answers:

Be careul with the supplements you take. Natural doesn’t alwas mean safe.

Sandy asks…

Where Can I Buy Industrial Size Liquid Amino Acids & Vitamins?

I’m specifically interested in buying mass quantities of Choline, L-Carnitine, L-Tyrosine, & B/C Vitamins in liquid form. The reason for this being that I would like to do research on supplementing for fatigue and attention deficit.

admin answers:

Google… Liquid vitamins wholesale bulk

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Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

December 13, 2013

Nancy asks…

Why are we not able to live without functional B- and T-cells?

SCID (severe combined immunodeficiency) disease affects both the B-cells and T-cells of the immune system making the cells impaired. For this reason being, why are we not able to live without functional B- and T-cells?

admin answers:

T Cells and B Cells are part of our immune system and they basically fight any sort of antigen (intruder) that has entered the body. If the antigen has entered the body, then it will attack the cells within that body, harming them and disabling those existing cells in our bodies of their functions. The T cells will go and fight the antigen and the B cells will go and make antibodies to fight off the antigen, so it doesn’t harm anything else. The B- cells have a function which allows them to memorize the antigen, in order to fight the same antigen if it may ever enter the body ever again.

Betty asks…

How does a person live after a bone marrow transplant?

A friend has AML and will undergo a bone marrow transplant. Can she go back to her old job after the transplant? Can she live a normal life? How many years more?

admin answers:

In addition to the physical discomfort associated with the transplant experiance there is emotional and psychological discomfort as well. Some patients find the emotional and psychological stress more problematic than the physical discomfort.

The psychological and emotional stress stems from several factors. First, patients undergoing transplants are already traumatized by the news that they have a life-threatening disease. While the transplant offers hope for their recovery, the prospect of undergoing a long, arduous medical procedure is still not pleasant and there’s no guarantee of success.

Second, patients undergoing a transplant can feel quite isolated. The special precautions taken to guard against infection while the immune system is impaired can leave a patient feeling detached from the rest of the world and cut off from normal human contact. The patient is housed in a private room, sometimes with special air-filtering equipment to purify the air. The number of visitors is restricted and visitors are asked to wear gloves, masks and/or other protective clothing to inhibit the spread of bacteria and virus while visiting the patient. When the patient leaves the room, he or she may be required to wear a protective mask, gown and/or gloves as a barrier against infection. This feeling of isolation comes at the very time in a patient’s life when familiar surroundings and close physical contact with family and friends are most needed.

‘Helplessness” is also a common feeling among bone marrow transplant patients, which can breed further feelings of anger or resentment. For many, it’s unnerveing to be totally dependent on strangers for survival, no matter how competent they may be. The fact that most patients are unfamiliar with the medical jargon used to describe the transplant procedure compounds the feeling of helplessness. Some also find it embarrassing to be dependent on strangers for help with basic daily functions such as using the washroom.

The long weeks of waiting for the transplanted marrow to engraft, for blood counts to return to safe levels, and for side effects to disappear increase the emotional trauma. Recovery can be like a roller coaster ride: one day a patient may feel much better, only to awake the next day feeling as sick as ever.

After being discharged from the hospital, a patient continues recovery at home (or at lodging near the transplant center if the patient is from out of town) for two to four months. Patients usually cannot return to full-time work for up to six months after the transplant.

Though patients will be well enough to leave the hospital, their recovery will be far from over. For the first several weeks the patient may be too weak to do much more than sleep, sit up, and walk a bit around the house. Frequent visits to the hospital or associated clinic will be required to monitor the patient’s progress, and to administer any medications and/or blood products needed. It can take six months or more from the day of transplant before a patient is ready to fully resume normal activities.

During this period, the patient’s white blood cell counts are often too low to provide normal protection against the viruses and bacteria encountered in everyday life. Contact with the general public is therefore restricted. Crowded movie theaters, grocery stores, department stores, etc. Are places recovering BMT patients avoid during their recuperation. Often patients will wear protective masks when venturing outside the home.

A patient will return to the hospital or clinic as an outpatient several times a week for monitoring, blood transfusions, and administration of other drugs as needed. Eventually, the patient becomes strong enough to resume a normal routine and to look forward to a productive, healthy life.

It can take as long as a year for the new bone marrow to function normally. Patients are closely monitored during this time to identify any infections or complications that may develop.

Life after transplant can be both exhilarating and worrisome. On the one hand, it’s exciting to be alive after being so close to death. Most patients find their quality of life improved after transplant.

Nonetheless, there is always the worry that relapse will occur. Furthermore, innocent statements or events can sometimes conjure up unpleasant memories of the transplant experience long after the patient has recovered. It can take a long time for the patient to come to grips with these difficulties.

Helen asks…

What is the Effect of Marijuana Use on Heart Transplant Recipients?

I am under the impression that any smoking and any herbal supplements can be detrimental to the health of a recovering heart transplant recipient, both because of chemical shocks to the new heart and also because of possible complications with medications being taken. What effects can marijuana use have on a recipient (taken post-discharge from hospital after receiving the heart)?

admin answers:

As per the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a study has indicated that an abuser’s risk of heart attack more than quadruples in the first hour after smoking marijuana. The researchers suggest that such an effect might occur from marijuana’s effects on blood pressure and heart rate and reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.

Within a few minutes after inhaling marijuana smoke, an individual’s heart begins beating more rapidly, the bronchial passages relax and become enlarged, and blood vessels in the eyes expand, making the eyes look red. The heart rate, normally 70 to 80 beats per minute, may increase by 20 to 50 beats per minute or, in some cases, even double. This effect can be greater if other drugs are taken with marijuana.

Some adverse health effects caused by marijuana may occur because THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) impairs the immune system’s ability to fight off infectious diseases and cancer. In laboratory experiments that exposed animal and human cells to THC or other marijuana ingredients, the normal disease-preventing reactions of many of the key types of immune cells were inhibited. In other studies, mice exposed to THC or related substances were more likely than unexposed mice to develop bacterial infections and tumors.

Based on these facts, it is easy to conclude that if marijuana use causes these adverse effects in normal healthy humans, it will cause equal amount of harm (if not more) in heart transplant patients.

For a heart transplant patient, any stress on the heart is ill-advised. In addition, a transplant patient needs to take immunosuppressants. Marijuana impairs the immune system’s ability to fight off infectious diseases and cancer. Hence the chances of infection and/ or cancer increases with marijuana use in case of transplant patients.

As per the Publication of Drug Watch Oregon, Volume 3, No. 4, January 1997, a 48 year old successful kidney transplant patient who heavily used marijuana immediately following his transplant developed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), a fungus transmitted in the smoke of marijuana. Marks et al reported on their use of an experimental antifungal drug to effectively treat this life threatening condition (Transplantation, Vol. 61, 1771-1773, No. 12, June 27, 1996), and noted that IPA “is a devastating complication in the immuno-compromised patient” such as patients with AIDS, chronic granulomatous disease, bone marrow transplants and those receiving chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer. Aspergillosis has up to a 90% fatality rate if contracted by transplant patients.

In my case, my transplant clinic has strictly recommended that I should not smoke, drink or do drugs after my transplant. (I never smoked, drank or did drugs in my life – Thank God!). The reason being that these interfere with the immunosuppressants and cause more harm in transplant patients than in normal people.

In my opinion, the priority of a heart transplant patient is taking care of the new heart and not smoking marijuana. If pain is a problem, the patient should contact his transplant clinic and get a prescription for pain medication.

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Your Questions About For Those In Peril On The Sea

December 12, 2013

Mary asks…

Is Twilight good to read to an eight year old girl?

I want to read Twilight series to my eight year old sister. But I wonder is she the right age to read Twilight, because I am thinking about the scene in the thrid book where Bella wants to have sex with Edward, she knows about sex already. I just thinking it a good idea to read Twilight to her? She love romance stories, I try to read her Harry Potter didn’t like it.

admin answers:

NO ABSOLUTELY NOT!!!! Here is a list of books that are appropriate for an 8 year old.

Kate DiCamillo:
Because of Winn-Dixie

Albert Payson Terhune:
Lad: A Dog

Wilson Rawls:
Where the Red Fern Grows

Jack London:
The Call of the Wild
White Fang
The Sea Wolf

Rudyard Kipling:
Just So Stories
The Jungle Book

Fred Gibson:
Old Yeller

Marjory K. Rawlings:
The Yearling

George Selden:
The Cricket in Times Square

Roald Dahl:
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
James and the Giant Peach

Pamela Lyndon Travers:
Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins Comes Back
Mary Poppins Opens the Door
Mary Poppins in the Park

James M. Barrie:
Peter Pan

Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson:
Peter and the Shadow Thieves
Peter and the Starcatchers
Peter and the Secret of Rundoon

Lemony Snicket:
The Bad Beginning
The Reptile Room
The Wide Window
The Miserable Mill
The Austere Academy
The Ersatz Elevator
The Vile Village
The Hostile Hospital
The Carnivorous Carnival
The Slippery Slope
The Grim Grotto
The Penultimate Peril
The End

Tony Di Terlizzi and Holly Black:
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Field Guide
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Seeing Stone
The Spiderwick Chronicles: Lucinda’s Secret
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Ironwood Tree
The Spiderwick Chronicles: The Wrath of Mulgarath
Beyond the Spiderwick Chronicles: The Nixie’s Song

Norton Juster:
The Phantom Tollbooth

Lewis Carroll:
Alice in Wonderland

Hugh Lofting:
The Story of Dr. Doolittle
The Voyages of Dr. Doolittle

Pene DuBois:
Twenty-One Balloons

Kathryn Lindskoog and Ranelda Mack Hunsicker, eds.:
Faerie Gold: Treasures from the Lands of Enchantment

Cornelia Funke:
Dragon Rider
Ingraine the Brave
The Thief Lord

Brandon Mull:
Rise of the Evening Star
Grip of the Shadow Plague

Katherine Peterson:
Bridge to Terabithia

Carol Kendall:
The Gammage Cup
The Whisper of Glocken

Eoin Colfer:
Artemis Fowl
The Arctic Incident
The Opal Deception
The Lost Colony
The Artemis Fowl Files: A Companion Book
The Graphic Novel

Andre Norton:
The Witch World
The Web of the Witch World
Three against the Witch World
Year of the Unicorn
Warlock of the Witch World
Dragon Scale Silver
Dream Smith
The Toads of Grimmerale
Spider Silk
Sword of Unbelief
Sarsthor’s Bane

Ursula K. LeGuin:
A Wizard of Earthsea
The Tombs of Atuan
The Farthest Shore
Tales from Earthsea
The Other Wind

Madeleine L’Engle:
A Wrinkle in Time
A Wind in the Door
A Swiftly Tilting Planet
Many Waters
An Acceptable Time

Howard Pyle:
Story of King Arthur and His Knights – There are several collections of stories about King Arthur.

Roger Lancelyn Green:
The Adventures of Robin Hood
King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table

John Bunyan:
Dangerous Journey ( A beautifully illustrated edition of A Pilgrim’s Progress)

C. S. Lewis:
The 7 volume Chronicles of Narnia is a tale of good against evil with very definite Christian influences. Lewis was an atheist who because of his friendship with Tolkien became a Christian. This strongly affected his writing.
The seven books are as follows:
The Magician’s Nephew
The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe
The Horse and His Boy
Prince Caspian
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader
The Silver Chair
The Last Battle

J. R. R. Tolkien:
The Hobbit

Jonathon Swift:
Gulliver’s Travels

Daniel Defoe:
Robinson Crusoe

Johann Wyss:
Swiss Family Robinson

Robert Louis Stevenson:
Treasure Island

Jules Verne:
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Around the World in Eighty Days

Laura Ingalls Wilder:
Little House in the Big Woods
Little House on the Prairie
Farmer Boy – This is the story Laura wrote about her husband, Almanzo’s childhood in Malone, New York.

Johanna Spyri:

Frances Hodgson Burnett:
The Secret Garden

Lucy Maud Montgomery:
Anne of Green Gables

Jenny asks…

Does the average American understand even the basics of why the climate is changing?

Although I’m far from an expert on the subject of global warming.I am amazed that most of the questions and answers here are 20 years behind the times.Educated people are not debating whether global warming is happening or whether CO2 is on the rise and whether this will cause climate change,these are facts that humanity ignores at their peril.Why is so much time wasted on this forum with myths half truths and lies?
Is the average North American that poorly informed?

admin answers:

No. The average American has great difficulty dealing with timescales, statistical uncertainty and scientific complexity. We’ve got a big group saying “We all gonna die” and another big group saying “I don see no global warming”. The average American is unable to imagine how old the earth is, how slow natural climate change is, and therefore how climate change can be happening extremely rapidly and yet almost imperceptibly within one human lifetime. You see from answers here: predictions of high sea levels by the year 2200 turn into “they predicted it and it didn’t happen”. Few seem to understand that it the quality of life of our children and grandchildren we are talking about. Warming of 2 degrees per century will not suddenly turn San Francisco into a flooded desert, and it not happening is not proof that the physical reaction between greenhouse molecules and infrared light is not happening.

I think much of the problem is the polar approach to news that our news media now takes. The focus on hearing from “both” sides rather than presenting complexity in an educational way. I think if you asked, most Americans would say they don’t believe the IPCC projections but agree that humans might be causing warming. If you asked could humans be causing something like 0.2 degree per decade they would say that they believe its a little amount like that, but no way we are causing a big amount like 2 degrees per century.

Betty asks…

What hymn is used at the end of The Perfect Storm and in Titanic?

I haven’t been to church in years, and I don’t remember hearing the hymn used in both these movies back when I did go to church.

admin answers:

I know it as ‘For those in Peril on the Sea’ and it starts

Eternal Father, strong to save
Whose hand doth bind the reckless wave…

It’s well known here in the UK, particularly in seafaring communities

The full lyrics are here

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