Monthly Archives: August 2013

Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language Is Known As

August 31, 2013
By

Chris asks…

How do i convince my parents to let me buy rated M games?

please dont say ive heard worse language at school… ive tried that… and a bunch of that other crap… i reaalllllllllyyyy wana buy Halo3 Odst, and MW2… i already have Halo3… the guy at wallmart said “our parents dont care, right?” and i was like”yea,yea..” :) ) please helpppp!

admin answers:

There really is not much in MW2 to make it an M rated game. I’m 18 and I’ve watched rated R movies since I was about 6 and played M rated games for about the same time span.

Honestly, I do not understand the argument behind not letting someone play an M rated game, it’s completely illogical. Even a child can discern a game from reality.

Playing so called “violent” video games will not negatively impact your mental capacity at all. These M rated video games are blasted for being violent or crude…while that is about as far from the truth as possible, these games like MW2 are simply a fictional representation of reality, nothing more. And I see no logical reason to exclude a child, teen etc. From playing a game that is, after all, fictional.

Your parents’ actions are unwarranted, by stopping you from playing M rated games they are implying that you lack the ability to realize the difference between fantasy and reality.

I played these so called “horrible” video games throughout my life and I turned out perfectly fine. The violence in the games never made me violent or caused me to murder someone, the claims that M rated games influence violent behaviors is ridiculous. I participate in numerous sports and am physically active, so no video games do not make you into a slob, nor do they make you lazy. Not only am I on varsity sports, but I am also at the top of my graduating class.

So no I do not believe that playing M rated games impairs your abilities whatsoever. I presume that your parents’ reason is that these games are too “violent”, if this is their claim, then that is absurd and they should go back to elementary school – maybe they might learn something.

Try to convince them that you can recognize the difference between fantasy and reality. And that playing these games will not effect your mental ability. Do not beg or be anxious, that will only make you seem like a child, be mature and stay in control – that way they will have to listen to you. By desperately combating and restricting your ability to play these games – your parents are expressing the most pathetic sense of immaturity.

Remember, just because you are younger does not mean that you have less intellect or knowledge. In many cases, the youth generally know more than their parents. The lack of cognitive mental abilities among our parents’ generation is frightening.

Betty asks…

For hearing impaired people: were you used to be depressed?

I was extremely depressed due to hearing impairment, and I lost confidence all through past two years ago. I had suicidal thoughts until I got help.

I would like to know if I am alone or not. Were you used to be depressed like me?

admin answers:

Im profoundly deaf and I’d like to tell you everything (well my life) I did get really depressed in year 7 though.
Did you know that I never spoke at all when I was in my primary school?
I only used sign language (for communication) and I never used my voice. I was like an ‘expert’ in sign language. I was using them 24/7. It actually made my family upset that they could not communicate with me in a proper way. My aunties, uncles and cousins. They didn’t know how to communicate with me, instead they just did not talk to me. Only a few of my cousins went on sign language course so they could make my life better by understanding them more. This has made me feel confident in my family, BUT I am still not confident being around my uncles because they don’t even know how to talk to me. I always come up with an answer..”huh?”. Hm.
In my primary school, I now personally think deaf people can be very judgemental on hearing people (if they don’t know hearing people around the school, or have got any hearing friends who they actually don’t understand etc.) It’s that we always have thought of them as ‘horrible, mean people’ (i was wrong, so i take back what I said about hearing people :) ) Well to be honest, I am still judgemental but not on anyone, just certain people who needs to be judged by people who’s better than them. :)
My friends at primary school, I’m glad I actually met them .We had a lot of ups and downs, but we still got through. We all went to different school so it has made us hard to put up with the new world.

Aah my life was influenced by my parents’ decision
My parents chose a hearing school. Yeah of course, they’ve got a unit for deaf people.

When I was in year seven. Pfft, most difficult experience I ever had. Hearing people? My speech was very muddled, so I didn’t expect them to ask me to repeat what I just said. Obviously, they walked off. That do hurt me, still. I still struggle with hearing people right now. I just don’t understand why they look at me like, er I’m someone different? I guess they can be judgemental then.

In year 8 & 9, I still didn’t like hearing people and I actually wished I would move to other school that has more deaf people in. To be honest, I am glad I didn’t move :) Because none of this would have happened, I wouldn’t have learned anything about hearing people.
In year 10, I was getting used to it, yes definiety my confidence absolutely boosted. Hm, I actually made new friends and some of them I’m not friends now, which still hurts me because I was absolutely close to them. Oh well, that’s life. I started to make more friends, which helped my confidence to improve more. Yay.

Today
Now? I now understand about what the world is like. If I didn’t know all of this, obviously I would be dumb lol :P . In fact, if I didn’t come to Vyners, I wouldn’t speak at all. I wouldn’t have used my voice. I think I would be very judgemental of hearing people lol. Deaf culture is still envolving around my life though ! Once, a girl (she’s deaf) said I don’t know what deaf culture is. That did hurt me. Well, to be honest I think she said that BECAUSE I go to a hearing school, which shows that she can still judge hearing people.
I started loving music! They’re absolutely great! I didn’t know what they were for, but now I do! Without them, our lives would be empty.

Paul asks…

Have studies been done on increased telepathic abilities of dying people?

As health declines and the ability to communicate in normal ways is impaired, could dying people find other ways to reach out and communicate what they feel still needs to be said, using telepathic ways?

Have people reported “hearing” the thoughts of the dying who could no longer talk?

admin answers:

I don’t know about any studies on it, but I know it has happened before, in my family and to other people I know. Way back, a long time ago, it was actually easier for humans to communicate telepathically than it was to use language. Why? No misunderstanding, no verbal errors, less conflict, and thoughts… Are universal! Where as language is not. It happens all the time actually, you just don’t realize it. Every time a person thinks about something, they send out thousands of signals to people around them. It does reach you, but often just goes to your subconscious so you don’t realize that you just received their thoughts. Our subconscious is full of thoughts and information we absorb from our own experiences, and other people without even knowing it. However, if you focus on trying to communicate with a person by sending them a thought in your mind, for long enough… It can happen.

Powered by Yahoo! Answers

Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

August 30, 2013
By

Sandy asks…

Best way to cure a cold/boost up immunity system?

I keep getting sick with the flu/cold, I been through 5 different affecting colds/viruses for four weeks now and it is annoying.
Any advices or suggestions?

admin answers:

Food Therapy:
Grapefruit is a great food for fighting a cold, says Paul Yanick, Ph.D., a research scientist in Milford, Pennsylvania. One reason is that it’s high in vitamin C, according to Dr. Yanick.

A lesser-known reason, he says, is that grapefruit help detoxify the liver. “The liver is your front line to the immune system, and when immunity is impaired, you need something that’s alkaline and not acidic to detoxify it,” he says.

All citrus fruits become alkaline when metabolized in the body, he explains, but oranges and other citrus are too sweet to promote proper liver drainage, so you get much better detoxitication from grapefruit.

He recommends eating one or more grapefruit and their white bitter pulp each day to prevent colds and to build immunity.

Herbal Therapy:

Garlic can help prevent a cold and help reduce symptoms because it contain a potent antibiotic called allicin, wwhich is released when cloves of garlic are chopped, crushed or chewed, says Varro E. Tyler., Ph.D., professor of pharmacognosy at Purdue University.

You can add raw garlic to foods as a preventive measure, according to Dr. Tyler, or you can buy garlic supplements.

He says the best supplements form is entric-coated capsules, which are easier for the body to absorb. He recommends that you follow label directions for dosage; a typical dosage is 300 milligrams daily for as long as symptoms persist, he adds.

Ruth asks…

Is it okay to eat a recipe with raw eggs from my own chickens?

I was planning on making tiramisu, an Italian dessert, which calls for eggs and does not involve cooking. However, I do have my own chickens from which I get the eggs. If they are not in contact with other chickens, is there any risk of getting a bacterial infection or virus from consuming the raw eggs?

admin answers:

Short answer is I grew-up on a farm, and we ate raw or undercooked eggs all the time (remember when it was a “good” and “healthy” thing to eat raw eggs?). Just make sure to wash them very well, and keep your cooking area nice and clean. Long answer is:

“Following is what the American Egg Board says on using raw eggs:

There have been warnings against consuming raw or lightly cooked eggs on the grounds that the egg may be contaminated with Salmonella, a bacteria responsible for a type of food poisoning.

With eggs and all other raw foods from animals, there is a small possibility of Salmonella food poisoning. The risk is greater for those who are pregnant, elderly or very young and those with medical problems which have impaired their immune systems. These individuals should avoid raw and undercooked animal foods.

Healthy people need to remember that there is a very small risk and treat eggs and other raw animal foods accordingly. Use only properly refrigerated, clean, sound-shelled, fresh, grade AA or A eggs. Avoid mixing yolks and whites with the shell. Refrigerate broken-out eggs, prepared egg dishes and other foods if you won’t be consuming them within an hour.

For summer outings, use ice or coolant in an insulated bag or cooler to keep cold foods cold (40ºF. Or lower) and thermal containers to keep hot foods hot (140ºF. Or higher). When toting raw eggs on outings, leave them in their shells. Immediately consume, refrigerate or freeze raw or lightly cooked egg dishes. Eggnog and homemade ice cream should be based on a cooked stirred custard to ensure safety.

The kitchen, too, can be a source of bacteria. Clean hands and equipment, sanitary food handling practices, proper cooking and adequate refrigeration are essential in safely preparing all foods.

Raw Egg Whites Although it is possible for Salmonella to be in both the white and the yolk of the egg, the white does not readily support bacterial growth. Cold soufflés, mousses, and chiffons containing raw beaten whites require refrigeration to maintain their character, and added safety factor. Such dishes might be considered low risk for healthy individuals.

For further safety, combine the whites with the sugar in the recipe (using a minimum of 2 tablespoons of sugar per white) and beat over hot water or over low heat in a heavy saucepan until the whites stand in soft peaks. Without sugar, the whites will coagulate too rapidly and produce an unsatisfactory meringue.

This is the same procedure used in making 7-minute Frosting and can be used to make Royal Icing or other frostings ordinarily containing raw whites.

If using an unlined aluminum saucepan, do not add cream of tartar. It will react with the aluminum to produce and unattractive gray product.

Raw Egg Yolks

Raw egg yolks are a fine growth medium for bacteria. It is best to cook yolks for use in such dishes as cold soufflés, chiffons, mousses, mayonnaise and Hollandaise sauce.

To cook yolks, the recipe must contain at least 2 tablespoons of liquid per yolk. Less liquid will produce scrambled eggs. Simply combine the yolks with the liquid in the recipe. Cook in a heavy saucepan over a very low heat, stirring constantly, until the mixture coats a metal spoon, bubbles at the edges or reaches 160ºF. Cool quickly and proceed with the recipe.

Salmonella

One of several types of bacteria which can cause food poisoning (salmonellosis) if ingested in large numbers. It is found in the intestinal tract of animals, birds, insects, reptiles, seafood, and people. The bacteria can easily be passed from the intestinal tract to the hands and onto food.

Although the inside of the egg was once considered almost sterile, Salmonella enteritidis (Se) has been found recently inside a small number of eggs (much less than 1%). If an egg does contain Se, the numbers in a freshly laid egg probably will be small and, if the eggs are properly refrigerated, will not multiply enough to cause illness in a healthy person.

The majority of salmonellosis outbreaks have been attributed to foods other than eggs—chicken, beef, and fish—to human carriers, and through them, utensils and other foods during preparation. Of the outbreaks involving eggs, almost all have occurred in the foodservice sector and have been the result of inadequate refrigeration and insufficient cooking.

Se will not grow at temperatures below 40ºF. And is killed at 160ºF., known as the danger zone, are ideal for rapid growth.

Illness from Se can be avoided through adequate refrigeration, proper cooking and sanitary kitchen and food handling procedures

Helen asks…

Do people with autoimmune diseases have a strong immune system or a weak one?

I have Vitiligo and I’ve become confused on whether an autoimmune disease indicates a strong immune system or a weak immune system. I’ve read that it tends to occur due to a weak immune system, at least that’s what I think it said. I’ve also read that it might not necessarily be weak or strong and is just the immune system malfunctioning. Yet still, I’ve read that it’s due to a strong immune system that is overzealous.

Every since my Vitiligo appeared I’ve never gotten sick. Not once in about a decade. I have no idea what to make of what I’m reading. I have an uncle with psoriasis, but nobody in my family history has ever had Vitiligo; not sure if that makes a difference.

admin answers:

This is a great question. The actual autoimmune reaction during an attack at the molecular, cellular, and tissue level is due to a hyperinflammatory and aggressive immune responses. In most autoimmune diseases, there is a complex interplay of the various components of the immune and inflammatory response. These 2 features of autoimmunity underly the reason why so many autoimmune diseases are responsive to immunosuppressant therapies, and why these therapies can target different elements of the immune system and still be effective. Moreover, in many cases the hyper-immune state evolves over time. This is both in terms of the nature of the reaction and what is being attacked.

That said, it is clear that there are environmental triggers for autoimmune diseases. Some triggers appear to be infectious in nature. For example autoimmune rheumatic heart disease or PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections) which appear to be in part triggered by strep infections. Also there are strong epidemiological evidence that Epstein Bar Virus infection is an environmental trigger in people susceptible to lupus. There is the possibility that an impaired immune response underlies the etiology of these infections.

Finally, there is also growing evidence that if an immune system does not develop in a standard way, that it can result in a hyper-inflammatory state. An example of this is the theory that having an overly sterile environment in the formative years can lead to increased rates of asthma and other atopic diseases (the cleanliness hypothesis).

This is made more complex by the fact that the immune system is not actually as separate from other systems in the body as is suggested in most text books. The cross talk with the nervous system is so robust that it is hard to separate one from the other in regards to overall response, and barrier tissues such as skin participate actively in induction and regulation of immune responses.

Practically speaking, it is becoming increasingly clear in diseases like rheumatoid arthritis that aggressive disease activity control through suppression of inflammation and immune attack early in the disease course can dramatically improve outcomes.

Powered by Yahoo! Answers

Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language

August 29, 2013
By

Daniel asks…

Did you ever had an interview through the phone with Petsmart manager?

I applied online for a groom assistant last Wednesday. I called last Friday to make sure a manager received my application and he said he’ll read it thoroughly this week. Is it possible he actually will do it and call me for an interview?

FYI: I’m hearing impaired. Is it possible for me to ask for phone interview (videophone with an interpreter in it) or should I just go to petsmart store?

admin answers:

They prefer to do interviews in person. That way they can also read your body language when asking you questions. I have never heard of them doing over the phone interviews. Petsmart takes awhile to get back to people unless they really need people to work asap.
Be patient but if you don’t get a phone call by the end of a week, go ahead and call up and say that you applied for a job at their store and you were curious as to where you were in the hiring process or if they’ve read your application. Don’t sound accusatory, just make it sound like you were wondering and thought you’d call up and check.

Good luck! I hope you get the job =)

Lisa asks…

Why are some news broadcastsl in a foreign language?

I am a loyal Fox news listner and I ask why are some news broadcasrs in a foreign language? I am hearing impaired and have a problem hearing the live audio.

admin answers:

This is due to the significant presence of a migrant non-English speaking population in your area.

Mark asks…

What is a good, convenient way to learn sign language?

I work with teenagers, occasionally with various disabilities. I would LOVE to learn sign language and be able to work with hearing impaired kids more.

admin answers:

Go to a Community College. Also, you can go to a local Deaf Club, the best way to learn a new language and especially a new culture is with native speakers and a lot of practice.

You can learn some vocab in different places, but for getting the language background and grammar there is no one else who can teach better than the Deaf.

Powered by Yahoo! Answers

Your Questions About An Impaired Immune System

August 28, 2013
By

Betty asks…

What is pneumonia and what are its symptoms?

Is it hard to exale your oxygen if you have pneumonia? If soo why does this happb can some one plz explain?

admin answers:

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that is usually caused by infection. Pneumonia can also be caused by inhaling irritants such as vomit, liquids, or chemicals. With pneumonia, the air sacs in the lungs fill with liquid or pus, which interferes with the lungs’ ability to transfer oxygen to the blood.

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. Bacteria and viruses are the primary causes of pneumonia. When a person breathes pneumonia-causing germs into his lungs and his body’s immune system cannot otherwise prevent entry, the organisms settle in small air sacs called alveoli and continue multiplying. As the body sends white blood cells to attack the infection, the sacs become filed with fluid and pus – causing pneumonia.

Elderly persons and small children may actually have fewer or more mild symptoms than expected for such high risk groups. Most people with pneumonia begin with cold and flu symptoms and then develop a high fever, chills, and cough with sputum.

Although symptoms may vary greatly depending on other underlying conditions, common symptoms include:
-Cough
-Rusty or green mucus (sputum) coughed up from lungs
-Fever
-Fast breathing and shortness of breath
-Shaking chills
-Chest pain that usually worsens when taking a deep breath (pleuritic pain)
-Fast heartbeat
-Fatigue and feeling very weak
-Nausea and vomiting
-Diarrhea
-Sweating
-Headache
-Muscle pain
-Confusion or delirium
-Dusky or purplish skin color (cyanosis) from poorly oxygenated blood

Some people are more likely than others to develop pneumonia. Individuals at higher risk include those who:
-Smoke.
-Abuse alcohol.
-Have other medical conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), -emphysema, asthma, or HIV/AIDS.
-Are younger than 1 year of age or older than 65.
-Have a weakened or impaired immune system.
-Take medicines for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
-Have recently recovered from a cold or influenza infection.
-Are malnourished.
-Have been recently hospitalized in an intensive care unit.
-Have been exposed to certain chemicals or pollutants.
-Are Native Alaskan or certain Native American ethnicity.
-Have any increased risk of breathing mucus or saliva from the nose or mouth, liquids, or food from the stomach into the lungs.

Helen asks…

What are the dangers of cloning animals?

I’m doing a project that will change the world. I need some information about cloning animals, and the cons of cloning animals. Please help, I am in desperate need of advice asap because this project is so important.

admin answers:

Hi
When we hear of cloning successes, we learn about only the few attempts that worked. What we don’t see are the many, many cloning experiments that failed! And even in the successful clones, problems tend to arise later, during the animal’s development to adulthood.

Cloning animals shows us what might happen if we try to clone humans. What have these animals taught us about the risks of cloning?

1. High failure rate

Cloning animals through somatic cell nuclear transfer is simply inefficient. The success rate ranges from 0.1 percent to 3 percent, which means that for every 1000 tries, only one to 30 clones are made. Or you can look at it as 970 to 999 failures in 1000 tries. That’s a lot of effort with only a speck of a return!

Why is this? Here are some reasons:

The enucleated egg and the transferred nucleus may not be compatible
An egg with a newly transferred nucleus may not begin to divide or develop properly
Implantation of the embryo into the surrogate mother might fail
The pregnancy itself might fail
2. Problems during later development

Cloned animals that do survive tend to be much bigger at birth than their natural counterparts. Scientists call this “Large Offspring Syndrome” (LOS). Clones with LOS have abnormally large organs. This can lead to breathing, blood flow and other problems.

Because LOS doesn’t always occur, scientists cannot reliably predict whether it will happen in any given clone. Also, some clones without LOS have developed kidney or brain malformations and impaired immune systems, which can cause problems later in life.

3. Abnormal gene expression patterns

Are the surviving clones really clones? The clones look like the originals, and their DNA sequences are identical. But will the clone express the right genes at the right time?

In Click and Clone, we saw that one challenge is to re-program the transferred nucleus to behave as though it belongs in a very early embryonic cell. This mimics natural development, which starts when a sperm fertilizes an egg.

In a naturally-created embryo, the DNA is programmed to express a certain set of genes. Later on, as the embryonic cells begin to differentiate, the program changes. For every type of differentiated cell – skin, blood, bone or nerve, for example – this program is different.

In cloning, the transferred nucleus doesn’t have the same program as a natural embryo. It is up to the scientist to reprogram the nucleus, like teaching an old dog new tricks. Complete reprogramming is needed for normal or near-normal development. Incomplete programming will cause the embryo to develop abnormally or fail.

4. Telomeric differences

As cells divide, their chromosomes get shorter. This is because the DNA sequences at both ends of a chromosome, called telomeres, shrink in length every time the DNA is copied. The older the animal is, the shorter its telomeres will be, because the cells have divided many, many times. This is a natural part of aging.

So, what happens to the clone if its transferred nucleus is already pretty old? Will the shortened telomeres affect its development or lifespan?

When scientists looked at the telomere lengths of cloned animals, they found no clear answers. Chromosomes from cloned cattle or mice had longer telomeres than normal. These cells showed other signs of youth and seemed to have an extended lifespan compared with cells from a naturally conceived cow. On the other hand, Dolly the sheep’s chromosomes had shorter telomere lengths than normal. This means that Dolly’s cells were aging faster than the cells from a normal sheep.

Michael asks…

What system does Parkinson’s disease affect?

I know it affects the autonomic central nervous system. But more specifically, does it affect the sympathetic or parasympathetic system?

admin answers:

While Parkinson’s seems to begin as a disease of the central nervous system, it actually affects most of the systems in the body.

Because Parkinson’s is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease, it can eventually work its way through all systems: digestive (gastrointestinal), respiratory and circulatory systems, musculoskeletal. Excretory and urinary systems, reproductive system, immune system, endocrine system.

Http://www.kidskonnect.com/subject-index/31-health/337-human-body.html

The autonomic nervous system controls heart rate, digestion, respiration rate, salivation, perspiration, diameter of the pupils, the discharge of urine, and sexual arousal. Although most of its actions are involuntary, some ANS functions work together with the conscious mind, in breathing for example. Common symptoms of a problem are erectile dysfunction, dizziness, decrease in blood pressure and urinary incontinence; all of which are common to PD.

Since your question is also specific to the parasympathetic nervous system, read the abstract below (link also provided) and then you can find your own words. The important thing to know is that not all PD patients develop Lewy bodies. But the dementia caused by their presence is found in both Parkinson’s disease with dementia (PDD) and in Lewy Body Disorder (LBD) with parkinsonian symptoms. A third condition associated with lewy bodies is ANS.

“Lewy body formation has been considered to be a marker for neuronal degeneration, because postmortem studies of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients have shown loss of neurons in the predilection sites for Lewy bodies. We systemically studied the autonomic nervous system in patients with PD. Lewy bodies were widely distributed in the hypothalamus, sympathetic system (intermediolateral nucleus of the thoracic cord and sympathetic ganglia) and parasympathetic system (dorsal vagal and sacral parasympathetic nuclei). The number of neurons in the intermediolateral nucleus was significantly reduced. Furthermore, Lewy bodies were also found in the enteric nervous system of the alimentary tract, cardiac plexus, pelvic plexus and adrenal medulla. These findings indicate that both central and peripheral autonomic nervous systems are involved in the disease process in PD.”

http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Doi=113469

Another relation comes with orthostatic hypotension and the sudden drop in blood pressure upon standing. This can become common in PD because it is a side effect of aging and in one sense, PD is very accelerated aging of select neurons which result in the many symptoms of aging.

You can read about the imbalance between the autonomic and the parasympathetic nervous system
in ANS disorder: “Malfunction of the ANS is called autonomic failure. It results from an imbalance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. Aging is associated with several abnormalities in ANS function that can impair elderly people’s adaptation to stress.

The most common signs of ANS impairment are a drop in blood pressure when a person is standing or stands up suddenly (orthostatic hypotension) or a drop in blood pressure within one hour of eating a meal (postprandial hypotension).

The drop in blood pressure causes inadequate blood flow to the brain. That’s why it’s common for people with this problem to feel dizzy or lightheaded. These conditions occur more often in people with high blood pressure.

Several abnormalities make normal elderly people more likely to have low blood pressure. The onset of disease in old age, such as diabetes, stroke and Parkinson’s disease, as well as medications used to treat them, may have other adverse effects in the ANS that are obvious in the cardiovascular system.”

http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4463

You might also be interested in reading about the clinical trial which is currently enrolling by invitation only in Finland.
Duodenal Levodopa Infusion, Quality of Life and Autonomic Nervous System in Parkinson’s Disease
“Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders with increasing prevalence because of aging population. The main symptoms include rigidity, hypokinesia, tremor and impaired balance, but the disease also causes autonomic dysfunction. Motor fluctuations are common treatment related problems in PD, around 50-70% of patients treated with levodopa finally develop motor fluctuations. Continuous duodenal levodopa infusion has been effective in the treatment of motor dysfunction in advanced PD. However, little is known of its effects on autonomic nervous system”

http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00914134

This is another area in general research and there is not the body of information to help answer everything.

Powered by Yahoo! Answers

Your Questions About An Impaired Use Of Language

August 27, 2013
By

Sharon asks…

How to become teacher for the deaf?

I live in NYC.I already have hearing loss and I am already expert in America Sign Language. My goal was become teacher for the deaf. But the problem is I don’t have any degree, high school diploma or Ged. Can anyone tell me what should I do?

admin answers:

You should begin by at least completing a GED. To find a GED program in your area, you can contact a reference librarian. After receiving the GED, you could investigate four-year colleges and find a few that interest you.

This is a list of colleges which have programs to prepare teachers of the deaf and hearing-impaired: http://www.deafed.net/PageText.asp?hdnPageId=120. Choose a few that interest you and contact them. Learn something about their programs. Find out if they will accept people with GEDs rather than diplomas. My guess is that at least some of them will. If they won’t accept people with GEDs, then you will need to attend a community college for a year or so and then transfer.

You will need to go through the normal process of applying to the colleges and perhaps applying for financial aid.

Good luck.

James asks…

I want to be a sign language interpreter?

Okay so I do want to be a sign language interpreter but I also wanna go to LSU. Does LSU let you major in that? If not what other louisiana schools do? Also what steps should I be taking to achieve my goal?

admin answers:

Sign language is a second language. A much needed but highly specialized skill. To be an interpreter for the hearing impaired, you are going to need a lot of experience working with disabled people. There are ton of programs that you will need to be aware of when dealing with people who aren’t able to hear. My workplace experience is that you get a degree in Social Work and spend all of your extra curricula specializing in deaf studies as you prepare for your master’s and PhD in the specific area that you’re looking for.

Jenny asks…

What is the name of the founder of the first school for the hearing-imparied?

What is the name of the founder of the first school for the hearing- impaired?

admin answers:

In 1755, Samuel Heinicke established first oral school for the deaf in the world in Germany.

Months later Charles-Michel de l’Epee, is the fist in the world to found a school for the hearing-impaired with sign language.

Charles-Michel de l’Epee (1712-1789) founded the first public school for the hearing-impaired in France 1755. He devoted his life to developing the world’s first sign alphabet for the deaf. Epee is also credited with creating a systematic method of teaching the hearing-impaired. His manual alphabet, which he called French Sign Language, was adapted into American Sign Language a few decades after his death.
~ http://www.answers.com/topic/ep-e-charles-michel-abb-de-l

Then there are;

Thomas Braidwood (1715-1806) In 1760 he changed his vocation from teaching the hearing to teaching the deaf and renamed his building ‘Braidwood’s Academy for the Deaf and Dumb’ which is recognised as the first school for the Deaf in Britain. ~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Braidwood

Laurent Clerc (born Louis Laurent Marie Clerc) (26 December 1785 – 18 July 1869) was called “The Apostle of the deaf in America” and “The Father of the Deaf” by generations of American deaf people. With Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, he co-founded the first school for the deaf in North America, the Hartford Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb on April 15, 1817 in the old Bennet’s City Hotel, Hartford, Connecticut.
~http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurent_Clerc

Powered by Yahoo! Answers